nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2016‒02‒12
two papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Does attractiveness win? On the gender-specific impact of attractiveness on athletic performance in tennis By Bakkenbüll, Linn-Brit
  2. Russian Doping in Sports By Marcus Noland

  1. By: Bakkenbüll, Linn-Brit
    Abstract: This study examines whether there are gender-specific differences in regard to physical attractiveness of professional tennis players and their performance. For this purpose, the top 100 male and female tennis players of the tennis world ranking in 2014 are examined. Athletic performance is measured by prize money earned for single seasons as well as for the whole career. Different OLS-regressions reveal a significantly positive relationship between physical attractiveness and athletic performance. However, this result holds for female tennis players only. For male tennis players, the impact is insignificant.
    Abstract: Diese Studie untersucht, ob ein geschlechtsspezifischer Zusammenhang zwischen der Attraktivität von professionellen Tennisspielern und ihrer sportlichen Leistung besteht. Dazu werden die Top 100 Tennisspielerinnen und -spieler der jeweiligen Weltrangliste im Jahr 2014 untersucht. Die Leistung wird über gewonnene Preisgelder für einzelne Saisons sowie für die gesamte Karriere gemessen. Verschiedene OLS-Regressionen zeigen einen signifikant positiven Zusammenhang zwischen der physischen Attraktivität und der sportlichen Leistung. Dieser Zusammenhang besteht allerdings nur für Frauen. Für männliche Tennisspieler ist der Effekt insignifikant.
    JEL: J24 J31 J49 J71 L83
    Date: 2015
  2. By: Marcus Noland (Peterson Institute for International Economics)
    Abstract: Statistical data from the Independent Commission and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) indicate that Russia is the worst violator of anti-doping rules. Multivariate statistical models find evidence that Russia performed unexpectedly well at the London Games, that the cross-country pattern of outperformance correlates with the number of abnormal athlete biological passports and anti–doping rule violations, and that Russian outperformance was not limited to track and field but extended to sports such as wrestling, where WADA has documented a pattern of significant violations.
    Keywords: Sports, doping, Olympics, Russia, gender
    JEL: F53 J16 L83 Z13
    Date: 2016–02

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