nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2015‒06‒20
four papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Stadiums and Scheduling: Measuring Deadweight Losses in Professional Sports Leagues, 1920-1970 By Lional Frost; Luc Borrowman; Abdel K. Halabi
  2. Does to pay to win the Stanley Cup? By Derek Lanoue
  4. Grundlagen der Sportnachfrage: Theorie und Empirie der Einflussfaktoren auf die Zuschauernachfrage By Budzinski, Oliver; Feddersen, Arne

  1. By: Lional Frost; Luc Borrowman; Abdel K. Halabi
    Abstract: In studies of professional sports leagues it has not been possible to quantify losses of economic welfare (deadweight losses) because of the absence of a counterfactual. Before 1970, Australian Football’s major league, the Melbourne-based Victorian Football League (VFL) set standard admission prices for all games and scheduled matches to distribute revenue evenly between clubs. Almost all of the League’s teams were based in one city, with all but one playing home (or regular season) games at small stadiums with limited facilities, while the city’s largest and best equipped stadium lay vacant every second weekend. By estimating demand for matches between the five highest drawing clubs over a 50-year period, we specify the size of revenue losses that resulted from different schedules and venues. The results show significant losses in League revenue and attendances, but these were not sufficient to threaten the survival of a distance-protected cartel. Fixed pricing created welfare gains for supporters of the larger clubs and welfare losses for supporters of the smaller clubs, and was not conducive to an even competition.
    Keywords: Sports, football, cartels, stadiums, scheduling, pricing
    JEL: D42 L1 L83 N97
    Date: 2015–01
  2. By: Derek Lanoue (Department of Economics, University of Windsor)
    Abstract: Yes, it does indeed pay to win the Stanley Cup (SC). Professional sports offer a unique opportunity to examine the relationship between a player’s salary and their performance. Salary statistics have become widely available and enable individual performance scrutiny in relation to remuneration level. There is an extensive literature explaining which factors in‡uence the players’ salary in the National Hockey League (NHL), using data sets from different seasons and including various performance indicators. Although much is known about salary and performance in professional hockey, there is a lack of understanding and empirical evidence of the pecuniary value of winning the Stanley Cup (SC) - the trophy awarded annually to the NHL playoff champion and the ultimate prize in professional hockey. Our empirical analysis suggests that winning the Stanley cup the season prior to signing a new contract earns players a 19% wage premium on their next contract.
    Keywords: National Hockey League, NHL, Salary, Stanley Cup, Hockey Analytics
    JEL: J24 J31 J33 J44 L83
    Date: 2015–06
  3. By: Ahmet (, Atatürk University, Collega of Physical Education and sport, Recreation Department,)
    Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study is to search the effect of teacher-made materials used in skill lesson on students’ participation to lesson.Material and Method: 155 students studying Physical Education and Sport College took part in research.All the students are receiving education in 3rd Grade Coaching and Recreation Department.These consist of 45 female, 110 male students. In research, students were studied in 2 groups as experimental group ( 80 students, 25 female, 55 male) and control group ( 20 female, 55 male). While teacher-made materials were used in lessons of experimental group, classic course materials wre used in lessons of control group. In research, specially prepared observation and interview form was used. The observation and interview form was prepared in accordance with views of Pedagogy and Physical Education and Sport College Faculty. The observations were done by 2 volunteer research assistants in application of lessons. Interviews were done with students in sports hall after lesson.Analysis: The data acquired from research were put into tables by being analyzed in SPSS. 1700 statistics program. Also, frequency and percentage distribution of the subjects were found.Findings and Results: At the end of the research, experimental group’s participation to lesson and satisfaction in application were found significantly ( p>0.05) different from control group’s participation to lesson and motivation. While it has been determined that the students of experimental group enjoyed so much in lesson, came to lesson eagerly, their absenteeism was at minimum level, it has been come to a conclusion that control group followed the lesson compulsorily, lesson absenteeism was used at maximum level and the lessons were boring.
    Keywords: Educat
    JEL: A20 A22
  4. By: Budzinski, Oliver; Feddersen, Arne
    Abstract: Der Beitrag referiert die Grundlagen der Theorie und Empirie der ökonomischen Analyse der Sportnachfrage mit einem Schwerpunkt auf der Zuschauernachfrage. Dabei werden unterschiedliche Einflussfaktoren auf die Zuschauernachfrage identifiziert und vor dem Hintergrund aktueller mikroökonomischer und industrieökonomischer Theorie analysiert. Zudem wird die vorhandene empirische Literatur zusammengefasst und dargestellt. Der Beitrag eignet sich einerseits als Überblicksartikel über die sportökonomische Forschung zur Zuschauernachfrage nach Sportevents und andererseits als Lehrtext zur Erzielung eines aktuellen ökonomischen Verständnisses dieser speziellen Nachfrage.
    Keywords: Nachfragetheorie,Sportmärkte,theoretische Mikroökonomik,empirische Mikroökonomik,Sportökonomik
    JEL: A20 D11 D12 L83 L82
    Date: 2015

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