nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2015‒05‒30
three papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Euro 2012 economic impact on host cities in Poland By Zawadzki, Krystian
  3. Willingness to Pay for Soccer Player Development in the United States By O. Ashton Morgan; John C. Whitehead

  1. By: Zawadzki, Krystian
    Abstract: The UEFA European Championship (Euro) is among the world's most important sporting events staged nowadays. Apart from tremendous excitement among football fans, such a major event has a number of other implications, above all of economic nature. This study, as one of the few concerned with the Polish circumstances, is intended to determine what significance should be attributed to stage the Euro 2012 in Polish host cities. aware of the difficulty in finding an unequivocal answer, the Authorfocused on four isolated areas of impact, namely: sports infrastructure, other infrastructure, tourist traffic and the labour market.
    Keywords: Euro 2012; Mega sport's event; economic impact
    JEL: H40 H41 H42 J30 R0
    Date: 2013–12
  2. By: Mamta Sharma; Gagandeep Kaur
    Abstract: Music therapy is increasingly used in sports for enhancing sport performance. It provides a mean of improving mental strength among sportspersons. The purpose of this study is to enhance intrinsic motivation, physical self-efficacy and performance of female football players through music therapy. For this purpose, twenty two female football players, in the age group of 21-26 were screened on the basis of their scores on Sport Motivation Scale and Physical Self-Efficacy Scale. Then, they were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The experimental group was given music therapy intervention for fifteen days. After intervention period, same scales were re-administered. In order to analyze the statistical data, t-test was applied. The results have shown that experimental group was significantly higher on intrinsic motivation and physical self-efficacy in comparison to control group. A football match was arranged between both groups at the end of study. The experimental group won the match by 4-2. The present research implies that music therapy can be highly effective in increasing psychological strength of sports persons. Key words: music, intrinsic motivation, physical selfefficacy, performance, female, football players
    Date: 2015–03
  3. By: O. Ashton Morgan; John C. Whitehead
    Abstract: As evidenced by the viewing figures for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, U.S. interest in soccer and watching the National Team compete is growing. American households’ willingness to pay (WTP) for soccer player development is measured using the contingent valuation method and compared to the cost of player development. Data are drawn from two national surveys administered before and after the 2014 World Cup event. In the surveys, individuals are faced with two stated preference decisions: first, whether they perceive that additional funding for player development will improve the chances of the National Team’s performance at the 2018 World Cup and second, whether they are willing to pay an annual household tax to fund the program. We use a bivariate probit model to account for correlation between the two decisions. WTP estimates indicate that the intangible benefits of player development are roughly twice the cost, justifying the investment from a strictly benefit-cost perspective. Also, WTP is temporally reliable with no statistical difference in ex ante and ex post estimates. Key Words: Soccer, Willingness to Pay, Contingent Valuation Method
    Date: 2015

This nep-spo issue is ©2015 by João Carlos Correia Leitão. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.