nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2015‒05‒22
seven papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Mozart or Pelé? The Effects of Teenagers' Participation in Music and Sports By Charlotte Cabane; Adrian Hille; Michael Lechner
  2. An Old Boys' Club No More: Pluralism in Participation and Performance at the Olympic Games By Marcus Noland; Kevin Stahler
  3. Measuring the negative externalities of a private leisure activity: hooligans and pickpockets around the stadium By Daniel Montolio; Simón Planells-Struse
  4. Asian Participation and Performance at the Olympic Games By Noland, Marcus; Stahler, Kevin
  5. Determining the Level of Achievement of Teaching Practice of the Student Teachers being educated in Physical Education and Sports Colleges By Ayse Feray Ozbal; Hamdi Pepe
  7. Prenatal Stress and Low Birth Weight: Evidence from the Super Bowl By Duncan, Brian; Mansour, Hani; Rees, Daniel I.

  1. By: Charlotte Cabane; Adrian Hille; Michael Lechner
    Abstract: Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this paper analyses the effects of spending part of adolescents’ leisure time on playing music or doing sports, or both. We find that while playing music fosters educational outcomes compared to doing sports, particularly so for girls and children from more highly educated families, doing sports improves subjective health. For educational outcomes, doing both activities appeared to be most successful. The results are subjected to an extensive robustness analysis including instrumental variable estimation and a formal sensitivity analysis of the identifying assumptions, which does not reveal any serious problems.
    Keywords: Child development, leisure time activities, matching estimation, SOEP
    JEL: C14 D12 I21 J24
    Date: 2015
  2. By: Marcus Noland (Peterson Institute for International Economics); Kevin Stahler (Peterson Institute for International Economics)
    Abstract: This paper examines the growing diversity of participation and achievement in the Olympics. A wide set of socioeconomic variables is correlated with medaling, particularly with respect to the Summer Games and women's events. Host advantage is particularly acute in judged contests such as gymnastics. However, there is evidence that the influence of correlates such as country size, per capita income, and membership in the communist bloc is declining over time as competition becomes increasingly diverse. These effects are less evident in the Winter Games, events that require significant capital investments, and judged contests.
    Keywords: women, globalization, sports, Olympics, doping
    JEL: J16 L83 Z13
    Date: 2015–05
  3. By: Daniel Montolio (University of Barcelona & IEB); Simón Planells-Struse (University of Barcelona & IEB)
    Abstract: Given the recent increase observed in crime and violence related to sport activities and the subsequent need for governments to devote more resources to deter this pattern, this article presents empirical evidence that could justify the possibility of taxing the negative externalities associated with the staging of football matches. Focusing specifically on theft (mainly pick pocketing) and assault (interpersonal violence or hooliganism), we seek to determine the extent to which this private leisure activity is responsible for negative crime externalities on a urban context. Drawing on data for the matches played by Football Club Barcelona (FCB) and geocoded crime data for the city of Barcelona (Spain), we assess whether there is an increase in thefts and assaults across the city of Barcelona. Then, conducting an Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA) and a spatial regression at the census tract level, we determine the effect of football matches on crime by comparing crime rates during home and away matches. We find an increase in the number of thefts across the whole city but, especially, in those census tracts within a 700-meter radius of the stadium, indicating that despite the increase in the number of police officers on duty in the vicinity of the stadium, potential offenders are attracted to crowds where rewards are likely to be higher and the probability of being apprehended lower. These results are confirmed by the relatively low number of crimes committed during away matches in the census tracts around the stadium. A similar spatial pattern is found for assaults, although the overall impact across the city is not significant. Our results, therefore, provide evidence of a displacement effect of violent supporters (hooligans) towards the census tracts closest to the FCB stadium on football days.
    Keywords: Crime, football, hooliganism, negative externalities, police forces
    JEL: K42 H27 R1 L83
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Noland, Marcus; Stahler, Kevin
    Abstract: This paper examines Asian exceptionalism at the Olympics. Northeast Asian countries conform to the statistical norm while the rest of Asia lags, but this result obscures underlying distinctions. Asian women do better than men. Non-Northeast Asia’s relative underperformance is due to the men. Asian performance is uneven across events, finding more success in weight-stratified contests, perhaps due to the fact that competition is more “fair” physiologically. The models imply that China, Japan, and South Korea will place among the top ten medaling countries at the 2016 Games, while China will continue to close the medal gap with the United States.
    Keywords: Asia, gender, sports, Olympics
    JEL: J16 L83 Z13
    Date: 2015–05–05
  5. By: Ayse Feray Ozbal (Selcuk University, School of Physical Education and Sports); Hamdi Pepe (School of Physical Education and Sports)
    Abstract: This Research is carried out to determine the effects of teaching application at education Physical Education and Sports Teacher on the students who are studying at Physical Education and Sport Teaching Department. The research has been carried out to 4 th Grade Students who are studying at Selcuk University Faculty of Education Physical Education and Sports Teaching Department. SPPS Package Program was used for calculating and evaluation of the collected data. The data were summarized by giving % and frequency distribution. The chi-square statistic was used to determine the relation of some data. The significance level was taken as 0.05. in this study. A meaning relation wasn’t found out statistically between the kind of school where teaching application took place and the case whether the school had adequate sports equipments or not. (P>0,05) There wasn’t a considerable relationship between the kind of school where teaching application carried out and the school’s condition having gym or not.(P>0,05). A statistically meaningful relationship was determined between the condition of school’s being adequate in term of sports equipment and the condition of the school in the context of having gym or not. (P<0,05). There wasn’t a meaningful correlation between the gender of the undergraduate that participated in the research and the likelihood whether the teaching application would be helpful in term of occupational life. (P>0,05). A considerable correlation wasn’t discovered statistically between the likelihood whether the undergraduate have a lack of pedagogical teaching and the condition of the undergraduates’ being informed by the teacher who worked at the school where the application took place about tasks and responsibilities. (P>0,05 As a result the aim that had wanted was achieved by this study.
    Keywords: Teaching Application; Physical Education; Teacher
  6. By: Muhammed Emre Karaman (Firat University)
    Abstract: As an important future of motoric abilities in sporting performance and daily life balance ability is simply defined as the provision of the body center of gravity within the specified limits. Based on our study of these ideas ; we aimed to investigate the relationship between body fat percentage, balance ability and anaerobic power values of female badminton players.40 female badminton players aged 16-18 are participated in this research from Çank
    Keywords: Badminton, body fat percentage, anaerobic power, balance ability.
  7. By: Duncan, Brian (University of Colorado Denver); Mansour, Hani (University of Colorado Denver); Rees, Daniel I. (University of Colorado Denver)
    Abstract: Studies have estimated the relationship between psychological stress and birth weight by exploiting natural disasters and terrorist attacks, both of which could affect fetal health through other channels. Using data from the National Vital Statistics System for the period 1969-2004, we estimate the effect of prenatal exposure to the Super Bowl on low birth weight. Although major sporting events elicit intense emotions, they do not threaten viewers with direct physical harm or limit access to prenatal care. We find that Super Bowl exposure is associated with a small, but precisely estimated, increase in the probability of low birth weight.
    Keywords: low birth weight, Super Bowl, prenatal stress, tobacco use
    JEL: I12 J13
    Date: 2015–05

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