nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2015‒05‒16
three papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  2. Financing Sport in the EU: Is That a Business or a Social Enterprise? By Emese Ivan

  1. By: Fisekcioglu (Selcuk University, School of Physical Education and Sports)
    Abstract: Focal point of this research is to give information on Organization, Missions, Duties, Power, Responsibilities and Sovereignty of sports federations. General management body of the sports underwent a noticeable change as of General Directorate of Physical Education Act No. 3530, where understanding of a fully centralized management entered into force exerting different excuses in 1938. From then on, sports federations have been bound to the mentioned institution in terms of their organizational activities. The most negative change felt by the federations through this transition period may be accepted as the chiefs of the federations being appointed on General Manager's suggestion and approval of the Minister of State in Charge of Youth and Sports, which is unlike the previous implementation enforcing chiefs to be elected. Election system of the chiefs of federations may be assumed as a giant leap on behalf of sovereignty. One of the basics of the self-rule is an independent management. Nowadays, chiefs are to submit their decisions on the General Directorate's approval. Even this "semi-autonomous" state delivers sports clubs, which are the quantum of federative organizations under sports branches, a sound enough to exist. Quantity of active sportsmen and clubs, prevalence and development potency of the branch in and out, balance efficacy of income and expenditures, the fact that it is Olympic or not, sports facilities of the federation or subsidiary clubs and the act on regulation of the commercial and property rights on behalf of publications and advertisement and remedying the deficiencies should amass to constitute a "sovereign" sports federation. General, administrative, supervisory, disciplinary and/or penal boards, boards stipulated by the international federation, legal, financial, educational, medical, technical boards, board of investigation, board of foreign affairs and other boards, office of secretary general and administrative divisions are included in the core of the central organization structure of the federations. In conclusion, all sports federations are self-ruled. Main principles of the federations will be subject to the framework plotted by the General Directorate of Sports, acting independent within. Federations will earn their own incomes, being helped by the government.
    Keywords: Organization; Structure; Federation
  2. By: Emese Ivan (St John's University)
    Abstract: The focus of this paper is to evaluate conceptions, perceptions, and interpretations of ‘financing sport’ throughout the European continent. The paper will aim to shed light on the ways that policy contexts dictate the application of sport financing as well as sport practices. While many sport facilities were developed from the 1970s onwards it was not until the 1980s and 1990s that a field began to emerge from the utilitarian presumption that the promotion of sport would have beneficial outcomes for social and civic order. This paper would like to focus some attention to the increasing involvement of central and local governments in sport financing despite an ongoing decrease in sport participation worldwide. Moreover, in pursuing this line of interrogation this paper asserts that opportunity structure for the organization and development of sporting activities has shifted from developmental to managerial throughout the 21st century.
    Keywords: Sport Economics, Business of Sport, Social Values
    JEL: A13 A19 A12
  3. By: ilimdar Yalcin (Firat University); Atalay Gacar (Firat University); Emine Bagci (Kutahya University)
    Abstract: Decision making is the act of choosing consciously one of the present alternatives in order to obtain the intended result or achieve the determined goals. On the basis of these considerations, we aim to examine the decision making levels of the physical education and sports and sociology department students' in terms of certain variables in our study.Our study has been conducted on 42 final year undergraduate students of Elazig Firat University, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sports Teaching and 37 final year undergraduate students of Kutahya Dumlupinar University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Sociology Department.It was used a personal information form and the "Melbourne Decision Making Scale" developed by Mann and (1998) in order to determine the research participant's demographic information such as "age, gender and department of study". The acquired data were evaluated by the SPSS programme and the level of significance is considered as p<0.05.Consequently, in the examination of the participant students' level of self-respect and decision making styles with regard to their demographic information "age, gender and department of study", it has been found out that any difference has not been observed in terms of gender and department of study variables. However, pursuant to the age variable, it has been observed that the difference between the point average of the decision making styles subscales has shown a significant differentiation between the age of 21-23 and 27 and above at the subscale of careful decision making style.
    Keywords: Decision making, Sports, Physical Education and Sports, Sociology

This nep-spo issue is ©2015 by João Carlos Correia Leitão. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.