nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2015‒01‒26
five papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Competitiveness in Soccer Leagues: An ordinal time series approach with evidence from the Premier League 1993 to 2014 By Jones, Calvin; Jordan, Declan
  2. Determinants of aggressiveness on the soccer pitch: evidence from FIFA and UEFA tournaments By Caruso, Raul; Di Domizio, Marco; Savage, David A.
  3. Are attractive female tennis players more successful? An empirical analysis By Bakkenbüll, Linn-Brit; Kiefer, Stephanie
  4. Axiomatizing Multi-Prize Contests: A Perspective from Complete Ranking of Players By Jingfeng Lu; Zhewei Wang
  5. Using tennis rankings to predict performance in upcoming tournaments By Gerard H. Kuper; Gerard Sierksma; Frits C.R. Spieksma

  1. By: Jones, Calvin; Jordan, Declan
    Abstract: This paper presents a novel approach to measuring competitiveness in sports leagues and tests the measure using evidence from the Premier League from 1993 to 2014. Traditional approaches to measuring the level of competitiveness have focused on win percentages and/or the dominance of subsets of teams over a number of seasons. The paper argues that these measures are not fully reflective of the core outcomes that teams and fans use to measure performance. An ordinal times series approach is proposed as an alternative measure of competitiveness. Applying the approach using data on end-of-season positions from 1993 to 2014, the paper finds a marginal decrease in league competitiveness over the period. The flexibility of an ordinal analysis approach is further demonstrated by considering the relative performances of subsets of teams based on location. The paper finds that North Eastern teams have suffered a long-term decline in performance on average while London teams are the best performing, and that their relative performance has also improved over the time period.
    Keywords: Competitiveness; Competitive balance; Ordinal Time Series; Sports economics
    JEL: L1 L83
    Date: 2014–12
  2. By: Caruso, Raul; Di Domizio, Marco; Savage, David A.
    Abstract: This paper examines the determinants of aggressiveness on the soccer pitch in 463 matches from FIFA (World Cup) and UEFA (Euro Cup) tournaments spanning from 1994 to 2012. We highlight the role of several measures of international rivalry between countries on the players’ aggressive behaviour
    Keywords: soccer tournaments; aggressiveness; international rivalry
    JEL: D74 H56 L83
    Date: 2015
  3. By: Bakkenbüll, Linn-Brit; Kiefer, Stephanie
    Abstract: This study examines whether there is a relationship between physical attractiveness of professional female tennis players ranked in the top 100 of the tennis world ranking in 2011 and their sporting success in terms of earned prize money and winning probabilities. OLS-regressions reveal a significantly positive relationship between physical attractiveness and sporting success in terms of prize money for the years 2012 and 2013 as well as for the whole career. Furthermore, a logit-model shows that the larger the difference in physical attractiveness is, the higher is the winning probability for the more attractive player in individual matches.
    Abstract: Die vorliegende Studie untersucht, ob ein Zusammenhang existiert zwischen der physischen Attraktivität von professionellen Tennisspielerinnen in den Top 100 der Weltrangliste im Jahr 2011 und ihren erbrachten sportlichen Leistungen in Form von gewonnenem Preisgeldern und Siegchancen. OLS-Regressionen decken einen signifikant positiven Zusammenhang auf zwischen der physische Attraktivität und dem verdienten Preisgeld in den Jahren 2012 und 2013 sowie für die gesamte Karriere. Außerdem zeigt ein Logit-Modell, dass mit der Differenz der physischen Attraktivität die Siegchancen in einzelnen Spielen für die attraktivere Tennisspielerin entsprechend zunehmen.
    JEL: J24 J31 J49 J71 L83 M52
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Jingfeng Lu (Department of Economics, National University of Singapore); Zhewei Wang (School of Economics, Shandong University)
    Abstract: Multiple prizes are usually awarded in contests (e.g., internal promotions, school admissions, sports, etc) and players exert effort to increase their chances for winning a higher prize. A multi-prize contest model must provide each player's probabilities of winning each prize as functions of all players' efforts. We find that the key notion of "hypothetical subcontests" in Skaperdas (1996) should be appropriately interpreted and precisely defined from a ranking perspective, as well as the relevant axioms of "Subcontest Consistency" and "Independence of Irrelevant Contestants" (IIC). When there are less than four contestants (exclusive), a set of axioms properly adapted from those in Skaperdas (1996) and Clark and Riis (1998a) are sufficient and necessary for axiomatizing the widely adopted multi-prize nested lottery contest of Clark and Riis (1996a). When there are more than four contestants (inclusive), including a new axiom of "Independence of Irrelevant Ranks" (IIR) is necessary and sufficient.
    JEL: C72 D72 D74
    Date: 2015–01
  5. By: Gerard H. Kuper; Gerard Sierksma; Frits C.R. Spieksma (Groningen University)
    Abstract: We show how to use ATP and WTA rankings to estimate the probability that a player with a certain ranking advances to a specific round (for instance, the quarterfinals) in an upcoming tournament. We use the results from Grand Slam and Olympic tournaments in the period 2004 ? 2014. Pooling the data, which is justified according to our tests, allows us to compute probabilities with relatively small confidence intervals. For instance, the probability of a top 4 tennis player to reach the quarterfinals is 0.722 with a 95% confidence interval of (0.669; 0.771). This study was motivated by a request from the Dutch Olympic Committee (NOC*NSF). Based on our results, NOC*NSF decides which Dutch single tennis players to invite to participate at the 2016 Olympic Games of Rio de Janeiro
    Date: 2014

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