nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2014‒11‒07
three papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Does the Home Advantage Depend on Crowd Support? Evidence from Same-Stadium Derbies By Michela Ponzo; Vincenzo Scoppa
  2. Sport participation and Child Development in Less Developed Countries By Pawlowski, Tim; Schüttoff, Ute; Downward, Paul; Lechner, Michael
  3. Who Wins Olympic Bids? By Wolfgang Maennig; Christopher Vierhaus

  1. By: Michela Ponzo (Università di Napoli and CSEF); Vincenzo Scoppa (Università della Calabria)
    Abstract: We investigate to what extent crowd support contributes to the home advantage in soccer, disentangling this effect from other mechanisms such as players’ familiarity with the stadium and travel fatigue. To evaluate the relevance of crowd support in determining home advantage we analyze same-stadium derbies (matches among teams that share the same stadium) in which teams enjoy different levels of support from the crowd – the home team has many more supporters, mainly because of season ticket holders – while teams do not differ in terms of travel fatigue or familiarity with the stadium. Our estimation results suggest the existence of a sizable crowd support’s effect on the home advantage generated both through the influence on referee’s decisions and through the encouragement of players’ performance.
    Keywords: Soccer; Home Advantage; Crowd Support; Social Pressure; Team Performance; Attendance; Travel Fatigue; Stadium Familiarity; Referee Home Bias.
    JEL: D89 L83 D81
    Date: 2014–10–14
  2. By: Pawlowski, Tim; Schüttoff, Ute; Downward, Paul; Lechner, Michael
    Abstract: Previous research in developed countries suggests that sports participation can positively influence child development. We use panel data of a cohort of 658 children in Peru to test this relationship in a less developed country where conditions for child development are worse. To identify the causal effect of children’s sport participation we exploit the panel structure of our data together with using propensity score matching. Our findings suggest that participation in a sports group has positive impacts on two of the key factors that are identified in the literature as central to child development, i.e. subjective health and social capital.
    Keywords: Social capital, Human capital, Well-being, Health, Group participation, Sports
    JEL: C14 D12 I21 J24
    Date: 2014–10
  3. By: Wolfgang Maennig (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg); Christopher Vierhaus (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg)
    Abstract: The prospect of hosting the Olympic Games is attractive to many cities around the world. This article examines 147 variables’ potential to discriminate successful from unsuccessful Olympic bids. Our stepwise, rank-ordered logistic regression model includes nine determinants supporting the contention that economic, political and sports/Olympic factors are important. Hosts are characterized by larger markets and higher medium-term growth economies. Olympic bids that follow a political liberalization are rewarded with additional votes. Moreover, cities offering winning bids are more experienced at hosting and have no dispute with the International Olympic Committee (IOC). IOC members disfavor bids lacking a sufficient number of existing stadiums and bidding cities of fewer than 2.5 million inhabitants. Finally, we observe “it is the country’s turn” election behavior – countries that have not hosted the Olympics for a long period are favored.
    Keywords: Olympic Summer Games, mega events, indicators, host election, bidding process, IOC
    Date: 2014–10–07

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