nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2014‒01‒24
five papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Universidade da Beira Interior and Universidade de Lisboa

  1. Is Soccer Good for You? The Motivational Impact of Big Sporting Events on the Unemployed By Doerrenberg, Philipp; Siegloch, Sebastian
  2. Hierarchical Organization and Performance Inequality: Evidence from Professional Cycling By Bertrand Candelon; Arnaud Dupuy
  3. Warum der Sieg von Ritter Sport über Stiftung Warentest ein Pyrrhussieg ist By Andreas Hildenbrand; Andreas Hildenbrand
  4. Women of Asian Descent in Ivy League Golf, 1999–2013 By Douglas Coate; Chih-Sheng Chen
  5. Determinants of football transfers By Hans van Ophem; Jeroen Ruijg

  1. By: Doerrenberg, Philipp (University of Cologne); Siegloch, Sebastian (IZA)
    Abstract: We examine the effect of salient international soccer tournaments on the motivation of unemployed individuals to search for employment using the German Socio Economic Panel 1984-2010. Exploiting the random scheduling of survey interviews, we find significant effects on motivational variables such as the intention to work or the reservation wage. Furthermore, the sporting events increase perceived health as well as worries about the general economic situation.
    Keywords: sporting events, soccer, unemployment, well-being
    JEL: D8 J2 J6
    Date: 2014–01
  2. By: Bertrand Candelon; Arnaud Dupuy
    Abstract: This paper proposes an equilibrium theory of the organization of work in an economy with an implicit market for productive time. In this market, agents buy or sell productive time. This implicit market gives rise to the formation of teams, organized in hierarchies with one leader (buyer) at the top and helpers (sellers) below. Relative to autarky, hierarchical organization leads to higher within and between team payo¤s/productivity inequality. This prediction is tested empir ically in the context of professional road cycling. We show that the observed rise in performance inequality in the peloton since the 1970s is merely due to a rise in help intensity within team and consistent with a change in the hierarchical organization of teams.
    Keywords: Hierarchical organization, productive time, helping time, inequality, professional cycling.
    JEL: D2 D3 L22
    Date: 2014–01–06
  3. By: Andreas Hildenbrand (University of Giessen); Andreas Hildenbrand (University of Giessen)
    Abstract: Für ihr Dezember-Heft 2013 testete Stiftung Warentest unter anderem Nuss-Schokoladen. Die Voll-Nuss-Schokolade von Ritter Sport erhielt die Note „mangelhaft“. Stiftung Warentest begründete die mangel-hafte Note nicht mit schlechter Qualität, sondern mit irreführender Etikettierung. Der Vorwurf lautete, Ritter Sport hätte ein künstliches Aroma als natürliches Aroma bezeichnet. Ritter Sport bestritt dies und siegte am 13. Januar 2014 vor Gericht. Wir argumentieren, dass der Sieg von Ritter Sport über Stiftung Warentest ein Pyrrhussieg ist: sowohl für die Ernährungswirtschaft als auch für den Endverbraucher. Das Testsiegel nahm Schaden. Daraus ergibt sich ein Informationsverlust. Produzenten guter Qualität haben es jetzt schwerer. Endverbraucher mit Qualitätsbewusstsein büßen jetzt Nutzen ein.
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Douglas Coate; Chih-Sheng Chen
    Abstract: In the 1999-2000 women’s collegiate golf season the proportion of women golfers competing for Ivy League schools that were Asian (of Asian descent) and played in at least six tournaments was .22. Over the next eight collegiate golf seasons this proportion fell as low as .08 and was .14 for the 2007–2008 season. Then, over the next five collegiate seasons, through 2012-2013, the proportion of players Asian in Ivy League women’s golf who competed in at least six tournaments per season increased to .18, .23, .44, .68, and .56. The marked increase in Asian representation in women’s Ivy League golf was much greater than the increase in Asians in women’s college golf in general and in men’s Ivy League golf. We suggest Asian parents with academically and athletically gifted daughters have turned with their daughters to golf over the past decade or longer to increase the daughter’s chances of admission to selective universities in the US. This emphasis on golf may result from: 1. recognition that Asian women can compete successfully against generally taller Caucasian women given the success of Asian golfers on the LPGA tour since the late 1990’s; 2. recognition that the close parental supervision of children in the Asian family, particularly the girls, and the emphasis on discipline and practice can help build a strong golf game. Short game practice in particular may have a potentially large payoff and does not lead to physical breakdown. Variable effects regression models show that the skill (rankings) advantage of Asians over non-Asians has actually increased in women’s golf in the Ivy League in recent years; thus, Asian representation in women’s Ivy golf should continue to increase.
    Keywords: Ivy League, women’s college golf, college admissions, Asian parenting
    JEL: L83 I23
    Date: 2014–01
  5. By: Hans van Ophem (University of Amsterdam); Jeroen Ruijg (University of Amsterdam)
    Abstract: The analysis of football transfers is hampered by selectivity bias. In most empirical estimations, simple regression is used and selectivity is ignored. In this paper we propose an estimation method that corrects for sample selectivity and allows the use of more observations in a simple manner. The ordered probit estimates point in a similar direction as the estimates from commonly applied estimation techniques but the significance is higher.
    Date: 2014–01–14

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