nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2013‒12‒29
five papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Universidade da Beira Interior and Universidade de Lisboa

  1. Childhood Sporting Activities and Adult Labour-Market Outcomes By Charlotte Cabane; Andrew E. Clark
  2. The value of sporting success to Germans: Comparing the 2012 UEFA Championships with the 2012 Olympics By Wicker, Pamela; Kiefer, Stephanie; Dilger, Alexander
  3. Corporate Sports Activity and Work Morale: Evidence from a Japanese Automobile Maker By Sasaki, Masaru; Ohtake, Fumio
  4. Domestic Violence and Football in Glasgow: Are Reference Points Relevant? By Dickson, Alex; Jennings, Colin; Koop, Gary
  5. Are Sunk Costs Irrelevant? Evidence from Playing Time in the National Basketball Association By Daniel Leeds; Michael A. Leeds; Akira Motomura

  1. By: Charlotte Cabane; Andrew E. Clark
    Abstract: We here ask whether sports participation at school is positively correlated with adult labour-market outcomes. There are many potential channels for this effect, although, as usual, identifying a causal relationship is difficult. We appeal to two widely-separated waves of Add Health data to map out the correlation between school sports and adult labour-market outcomes. We show that different types of school sports are associated with different types of jobs and labour-market insertion when adult. We take the issue of the endogeneity of sport seriously and use data on siblings in order to obtain estimates that are as close to unbiased as possible. Last, we compare the effect of sporting activities to that of other leisure activities.
    Keywords: Job characteristics, Education, Sport, School
    JEL: J24 J13 L83 I2
    Date: 2013–12
  2. By: Wicker, Pamela; Kiefer, Stephanie; Dilger, Alexander
    Abstract: We examine the value of sporting success to the German population at two major sport events in 2012, the European Championships in football and the London Olympic Games. Using the contingent valuation method (CVM), this study is the first to compare the value of sporting success between two events. The results show a higher average willingness-to-pay (WTP) for winning the European title in football (47.31) than for Germany being ranked first in the Olympic medal table (37.06). Aggregated WTP amounts to 3.3 billion (football) respectively 2.6 billion (Olympics). We can also determine significant drivers of WTP for sporting success. -- Wir untersuchen, wie viel sportliche Erfolge bei zwei großen Sportveranstaltungen, der Fußballeuropameisterschaft 2012 und den Olympischen Sommerspiele 2012, der deutschen Bevölkerung wert sind. Diese Studie ist die erste, die den Wert von sportlichen Erfolgen bei zwei Sportveranstaltungen vergleicht. Dafür wird die Contingent Valuation Method angewandt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die durchschnittliche Zahlungsbereitschaft für den Gewinn des Europameisterschaftstitels (47,31 Euro) höher ist als die durchschnittliche Zahlungsbereitschaft für den ersten Platz im Medaillenspiegel bei den Olympischen Sommerspielen (37,06 Euro). Eine Hochrechnung der gesamten Zahlungsbereitschaft für die deutsche Bevölkerung kommt zu einem Betrag von 3,3 Mrd. Euro (Fußball) beziehungsweise 2,6 Mrd. Euro (Olympia). Darüber hinaus ermittelt die Studie signifikante Einflussfaktoren der Zahlungsbereitschaft für sportliche Erfolge.
    JEL: D12 D61 D62 H41 H43 L83
    Date: 2013
  3. By: Sasaki, Masaru (Osaka University); Ohtake, Fumio (Osaka University)
    Abstract: This paper estimates the factors affecting the relationship between the wins and losses of corporate sports club teams and the work morale of employees, using an original survey of employees from a selected Japanese automobile maker. We find that corporate sports club teams' performance is an important factor influencing the work morale of older employees and employees who work with colleagues belonging to those teams in the same division. We can say statistically that the impacts of teams' wins and losses on changes in work morale of older employees at the individual level are symmetric; that is, the work morale of employees is significantly raised by own teams' wins but reduced by own teams' losses.
    Keywords: work morale, corporate sports, subjective well-being analysis, Japan
    JEL: L62 M52 M54
    Date: 2013–12
  4. By: Dickson, Alex; Jennings, Colin; Koop, Gary
    Abstract: Much research suggests that sporting events can trigger domestic violence with recent evidence suggesting that pre-match expectations (which can be interpreted as reference points) play an especially important role in this relationship. In particular, unexpectedly disappointing results have been associated with large increases in domestic violence. This paper contributes to this literature using a new data set containing every domestic violence incident in Glasgow over a period of more than eight years. We find that Old Firm matches, where Glasgow rivals Celtic and Rangers play, are associated with large increases in domestic violence (regardless of the timing or the outcome of the match). Non-Old Firm matches tend to have little impact on domestic violence. Furthermore, we find little evidence for the importance of reference points. Matches with disappointing outcomes, relative to pre-match expectations, are found to be associated with unusual increases in domestic violence only in a very limited set of matches.
    Keywords: domestic abuse, Scottish football, Old Firm, reference points, loss aversion,
    Date: 2013
  5. By: Daniel Leeds (University of Michigan); Michael A. Leeds (Department of Economics, Temple University); Akira Motomura (Stonehill College)
    Abstract: The importance of sunk costs in economic decision making is a major source of disagreement between neoclassical and behavioral economists. We provide a direct test of the role played by sunk costs using evidence from the National Basketball Association. Because teams have a greater financial and psychic stake in players chosen in the lottery portion of the draft and in the draft’s first round, behavioral economists predict that teams are more committed to them than to players selected later in the draft and give these players more playing time. Neoclassical economists would assert that current performance should be all that matters when allocating playing time. Our study builds on previous studies in two ways. First, we use a more appropriate data set than earlier studies, one that captures total available playing time more accurately than previous studies by accounting for time lost due to injury, suspension, and other exogenous factors. Second and more importantly, we use a more appropriate estimation technique --- regression discontinuity (RD) --- to show how behavior changes when a player's draft position crosses the threshold between lottery and non-lottery or first- and second-round status. Our RD estimates provide little evidence that teams allocate more playing time to more highly-drafted players than to otherwise identical teammates. We conclude that the neoclassical model more appropriately captures behavior.
    Keywords: competition, middlemen, ambiguity, platform, two-sided market, market intermediation
    JEL: D03 J23 L83
    Date: 2013–11

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