nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2013‒11‒02
six papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Universidade da Beira Interior and Universidade de Lisboa

  1. Heterogeneous Sports Participation and Labour Market Outcomes in England By Lechner, Michael; Downward, Paul
  2. Childhood Sporting Activities and Adult Labour-Market Outcomes By Charlotte Cabane; Andrew E. Clark
  3. Risky Sports and the Value of Information By Leiter, Andrea; Rheinberger, Christoph
  4. On the dynamic of franchise (re)location in the North-American sport leagues By Narme, Thibaut
  5. Pigskin, Tailgating and Pollution: Estimating the Environmental Impacts of Sporting Events By Rhodes, M. Taylor
  6. Is body mass human capital in sumo? Outcome of globalization and formation of human capital in Japan By Yamamura, Eiji

  1. By: Lechner, Michael (University of St. Gallen); Downward, Paul (Loughborough University)
    Abstract: Based on a unique composite dataset measuring heterogeneous sports participation, labour market outcomes and local facilities provision, this paper examines for the first time the association between different types of sports participation on employment and earnings in England. Clear associations between labour market outcomes and sports participation are established through matching estimation whilst controlling for some important confounding factors. The results suggest a link between different types of sports participation to initial access to employment and then higher income opportunities with ageing. However, these vary between the genders and across sports. Specifically, the results suggest that team sports contribute most to employability, but that this varies by age across genders and that outdoor activities contribute most towards higher incomes.
    Keywords: sports participation, human capital, labour market, matching estimation
    JEL: I12 I18 J24 L83 C21
    Date: 2013–10
  2. By: Charlotte Cabane (University of St. Gallen - University of St. Gallen); Andrew E. Clark (EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales [EHESS] - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA))
    Abstract: We here ask whether sports participation at school is positively correlated with adult labour-market outcomes. There are many potential channels for this effect, although, as usual, identifying a causal relationship is difficult. We appeal to two widely-separated waves of Add Health data to map out the correlation between school sports and adult labour-market outcomes. We show that different types of school sports are associated with different types of jobs and labour-market insertion when adult. We take the issue of the endogeneity of sport seriously and use data on siblings in order to obtain estimates that are as close to unbiased as possible. Last, we compare the effect of sporting activities to that of other leisure activities.
    Keywords: Job characteristics ; Education ; Sport ; School
    Date: 2013–10
  3. By: Leiter, Andrea; Rheinberger, Christoph
    Date: 2013–02
  4. By: Narme, Thibaut
    Abstract: As the cost of tax-dollar paid stadia rises and the talks of relocations in the main North-American pro leagues increase, a multi-field analysis on the different mechanisms that decides team relocation seems necessary. This paper reviews the different mechanisms participating team location and finally offer a new angle of analysis on the actual equilibrium and demonstrates its dynamic nature.
    Keywords: market size, political bargaining, sport, NBA, NFL, NHL, MLB
    JEL: L83 L88
    Date: 2013–10–22
  5. By: Rhodes, M. Taylor (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper estimates the environmental impact of sporting events by analyzing a collection of small typically geographically isolated cities which host at least one NCAA football team that competes in the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) in 2010. Fixed-effects regressions controlling for differences across cities and across months suggest that cities do experience an increase in pollution levels on and around game days relative to non-game days. These marginal increases were largest in November even after controlling for weather, various trends and other sources of seasonality. When hosting games in November, the corresponding percent increases in daily mortality ranged from .06 to .25% for cardiovascular mortality to .23 to .47% for respiratory mortality.
    Keywords: Pollution; Environmental impact; Sporting events; Mortality
    JEL: I18 L83 Q53 R11 R58
    Date: 2013–10–23
  6. By: Yamamura, Eiji
    Abstract: Sumo wrestling is a traditional fighting sport in Japan and has been popular since the 18th century (the Edo period). Using a data set for all sumo wrestlers in the post-World War II period, this paper investigates how wrestlers’ body mass index (BMI) is associated with their win rate and absence rate. Further, the effect of BMI is compared between an early period (before the emergence of foreign wrestlers) and later period (after the emergence of foreign wrestlers). After accounting for endogenous bias using instrumental variables, the key findings are that (1) there is no positive relationship between the BMI and win rate in either the early or later period and (2) there is a positive relationship between the BMI and absence rate in the later period but not in the early period. From the findings in this paper, I make the argument that an increase in the number of immigrants with human capital different from that of domestic labor leads the domestic labor to obtain human capital that does not match its characteristics, thereby reducing the performance of domestic labor.
    Keywords: Sumo wrestling, Body mass index, Human capital, International labor mobility; Immigrant
    JEL: I15 J24 L83 N35
    Date: 2013–10–05

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