nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2013‒06‒09
three papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of Beira Interior and Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Are multinational teams more successful? By Hartmut Haas; Stephan Nuesch
  2. Economic characteristic of non-profit sport clubs and their relations with municipalities and sport federations By Marek Pavlik
  3. Evaluation of websites from an accountability perspective: Applying to the Portuguese sports federations By Maria Antónia de Jesus; Raul M. S. Laureano; Daniel A. Fernandes

  1. By: Hartmut Haas (Towers Watson, Executive Compensation); Stephan Nuesch (Department of Business Administration, University of Zurich)
    Abstract: Teams have become increasingly multinational in many sectors. The impact of national diversity on team performance is controversial, however. On the one hand, multinational teams may have access to a greater variety of task-relevant expertise, which should increase team performance. On the other hand, national diversity may complicate team collaboration and increase team conflict. Applying panel econometrics to 4,284 team observations in a globalized sector, we find evidence that multinational teams perform worse than teams with less national diversity.
    Keywords: Controlled field environment, multinational teams, national diversity, professional sports, professional sports, team performance
    Date: 2013–05
  2. By: Marek Pavlik (Department of Public Economics, Masaryk University)
    Abstract: There is a running discussion about the system of financing sport from public budgets and there are opinions that the sport is not sufficiently supported. We know surprisingly little about the situation of non-profit sport clubs and to find a better support system we have to gather information about the environment of sport clubs. What do we know about relations of sport clubs with public authorities and their own sport union/federation and why do we need to know? The aim of this paper is to gather information about economic situation of sport clubs; to analyze relationships between non-profit sport clubs and municipalities/sport federations with special stress on the problem of transparency; and to discuss consequences of revealed situation We gathered data from sport clubs and performed an analysis especially for three selected sport branches (athletics, basketball, karate) and we show results of questionnaire among sport club and present examples of practice of randomly selected municipalities. We discovered a significant “failure” in the relationship between sport clubs and their own sport federations. We also showed strong dependency of sport clubs on the grants system respectively we pointed on interesting connection between grants and economic results of sport clubs. Finally we revealed not marginal problem with the transparency during grants allocation.
    Keywords: Public sector; public finance; grants; sport; NGO; allocation rules; municipality; transparency, vouchers.
    JEL: H76 L3 L83
    Date: 2013–04
  3. By: Maria Antónia de Jesus; Raul M. S. Laureano; Daniel A. Fernandes
    Abstract: The non-profit sector assumes growing relevance in different countries economies, with an increasing demand for services provided by these sector entities. The non-profit sector includes sport federations, with a decisive role in the population’s integration and social development. These entities are obliged to accomplish specific requirements regarding financial information provided and respective quality of disclosure. Consequently, it is important they adopt rules of accountability to provide annual reports with greater transparency and integrity. The present study aims to assess whether the Portuguese sports federations comply with the good practices of accountability, in particular through the disseminating on their websites of relevant information for their stakeholders. The findings point out to a medium degree of global compliance disclosure requirements relating compulsory and optional information, much higher in the first case. Moreover, the overall quality of the disclosed information was found low regarding the overall quality, although higher in terms of usability.
    Keywords: Accountability, Transparency, Not-for-profit organisations (NPO), Non-profit sector, Websites, Sport federations .
    Date: 2013–05–28

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