nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2013‒01‒26
four papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of Beira Interior and Technical University of Lisbon

  2. The impact of the Euro 2012 on popularity and market value of football players By Kiefer, Stephanie
  3. Youth Training Programs and their Impact on Career and Spell Duration of Professional Soccer Players By Marcel-Cristian Voia; Mihailo Radoman
  4. Domestic Violence and Football in Glasgow: Are Reference Points Relevant? By Alex Dickson; Colin Jennings; Gary Koop

  1. By: Vincenzo Scoppa (Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Statistiche e Finanziarie, Università della Calabria)
    Abstract: We investigate the role of fatigue in soccer (football). Although this issue is important for the “productivity” of players and the optimal organization of national and international championships, there is a lack of empirical evidence. We use data on all the matches played by national teams in all the tournaments of the FIFA Soccer World Cup (from 1930 to 2010) and the UEFA European Football Championship (from 1960 to 2012). We relate team performance (in terms of goal difference and points gained) to the respective days of rests that teams have had after their previous match, controlling for several measures of teams’ abilities. Using different estimators we show that, under the current structure of major international tournaments, there are no relevant effects of enjoying different days of rest on team performance.
    Keywords: Sports Economics, Soccer, Fatigue, Team Performance, World Cup, European Football Championship
    JEL: L83 J4 J22 L25 C29
    Date: 2013–01
  2. By: Kiefer, Stephanie
    Abstract: High popularity and a high market value are important for a footballer's regular wage as well as advertising and sponsor contracts. Yet how can a football player improve his popularity and market value? The aim of this study is to examine whether a good performance during the 2012 European Football Championship has an impact on the increase of popularity in different online media and on market value and if so which specific performance variables are relevant for this. This study finds out that different Euro 2012 performance variables significantly influence the increase of popularity in selected online media and of market values. However, these performance variables mostly do not have the highest impact on the dependent variables. -- Eine hohe Popularität und ein hoher Markenwert sind wichtig für das reguläre Gehalt eines Fußballers sowie für seine Werbe- und Sponsorenverträge. Doch wie kann ein Fußballspieler seine Popularität und seinen Markenwert steigern? Das Ziel dieser Studie ist es zu untersuchen, ob gute Leistung während der Fußballeuropameisterschaft 2012 einen Einfluss auf die Popularität in verschiedenen Onlinemedien und den Markenwert hat und, falls ja, welche spezifischen Leistungsvariablen dafür relevant sind. Diese Studie kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass verschiedene Leistungsvariablen einen signifikanten Einfluss auf den Anstieg an Popularität in den untersuchten Onlinemedien und Markenwert haben. Aber diese Leistungsvariablen haben meistens nicht den höchsten Einfluss auf die abhängigen Variablen.
    JEL: M30 J30 L82 L83 L86
    Date: 2012
  3. By: Marcel-Cristian Voia (Department of Economics, Carleton University); Mihailo Radoman (Department of Economics, Carleton University)
    Abstract: A unique data set of post-war English trained soccer players that signed professionally with their parent club when they turned 18 is used to study the impact of their stay with the home team and their total career duration. The home team (first) spell and career durations of these soccer players in a top European leagues is modeled using robust hazard models. The results of the analysis show that players that start their professional careers after acquiring training in competitive youth academy/programs have different outcomes on their career and first spell duration depending on the clubs they start their training. The first spell duration analysis is performed to estimate the bond or loyalty factor established by clubs with their youth trainees. The spell analysis outlines the nature of the competitive environment in which smaller clubs have a chance to keep up with the larger ones in terms of producing and holding on to home-grown talent. This would be a necessary condition for them to remain competitive in light of their lagging financial resources that limit their activity and ability to attract top talent in the soccer transfer market. The analysis of career duration in the top European leagues will show the success of a specifc academy's training programs in producing players competitive in top soccer leagues. Finally, the results of both analyses were tested for endogeneity bias using a split sample test.
    Keywords: career duration of soccer players, youth training programs, duration models, model evaluation
    JEL: C14 C41 C52 J24 J44
    Date: 2013–01–08
  4. By: Alex Dickson (Department of Economics, University of Strathclyde); Colin Jennings (Department of Economics, University of Strathclyde); Gary Koop (Department of Economics, University of Strathclyde)
    Abstract: Much research suggests that sporting events can trigger domestic violence with recent evidence suggesting that pre-match expectations (which can be interpreted as reference points) play an especially important role in this relationship. In particular, unexpectedly disappointing results have been associated with large increases in domestic violence. This paper contributes to this literature using a new data set containing every domestic violence incident in Glasgow over a period of more than eight years. We find that Old Firm matches, where Glasgow rivals Celtic and Rangers play, are associated with large increases in domestic violence (regardless of the timing or the outcome of the match). Non-Old Firm matches tend to have little impact on domestic violence. Furthermore, we find little evidence for the importance of reference points. Matches with disappointing outcomes, relative to pre-match expectations, are found to be associated with unusual increases in domestic violence only in a very limited set of matches.
    Keywords: domestic abuse; Scottish football; Old Firm; reference points; loss aversion
    JEL: D03 J12
    Date: 2013–12

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