nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2012‒05‒08
two papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of Beira Interior and Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Punishing the Foreigner: Implicit Discrimination in the Premier League Based on Oppositional Identity By Edoardo Gallo; Thomas Grund; J. James Reade
  2. Contingent valuation of a classic cycling race By Vekeman, Andy; Meulders, Michel; Praet, Alain; colpaert, Jan; Van Puyenbroeck, Tom

  1. By: Edoardo Gallo; Thomas Grund; J. James Reade
    Abstract: We present the first empirical study to reveal the presence of implicit discrimination in a non-experimental setting. By using a large dataset of in-match data in the English Premier League, we show that white referees award significantly more yellow cards against non-white players of oppositional identity. We argue that this is the result of implicit discrimination by showing that this discriminatory behaviour (i) increases in how rushed the referee is before making a decision, and (ii) it increases in the level of ambiguity of the decision. The variation in (i) and (ii) cannot be explained by any form of conscious discrimination such as taste-based or statistical discrimination. Moreover, we show that oppositional identity players do not differ in their behaviour from other players along several dimensions related to aggressiveness and style of play providing further evidence that this is not statistical discrimination.
    Keywords: Implicit Discrimination, Oppositional Identity, Football
    JEL: L83 J71
    Date: 2012–04
  2. By: Vekeman, Andy (Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB)); Meulders, Michel (Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB)); Praet, Alain (Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB)); colpaert, Jan (Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB)); Van Puyenbroeck, Tom (Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB))
    Abstract: We provide a contingent valuation of a major cycling event, viz. the Tour of Flanders. Starting from survey data, we use a Bayesian method to derive the distribution of Flemish individuals’ willingness to pay for the event. We relate the individual figures to explanatory factors and find that people residing in the event’s core region as well as spectators have a higher valuation. Incorporating the spatial effect, we arrive at an estimated aggregate value of 17.6 million euro.
    Date: 2012–01

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