nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2012‒01‒18
three papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of Beira Interior and Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Cultural Differences, Assimilation and Behavior: Player Nationality and Penalties in Football By Giacomo De Luca; Jeroen Schokkaert;
  2. Financing Methods in Professional Football By DR. Nagy Imre Zoltán
  3. Reinforcement learning in professional basketball players By Tal Neiman; Yonatan Loewenstein

  1. By: Giacomo De Luca; Jeroen Schokkaert;
    Abstract: We examine the impact of a different cultural background on individual behavior, focusing on violence on the football field of southern European and nothern European football players in the English Premier League. We find that southern European football players collect on average more football penalties than their nothern European colleagues. We also find that the initially higher number of football penalties incurred by southern European players converges towards the local average, the longer their experience in the Premier League.
    Keywords: Football, Violent Behavior, Culture, Assimilation
    JEL: J61 L83 Z10
    Date: 2011
  2. By: DR. Nagy Imre Zoltán (Óbuda University)
    Date: 2012
  3. By: Tal Neiman; Yonatan Loewenstein
    Abstract: Reinforcement learning in complex natural environments is a challenging task because the agent should generalize from the outcomes of actions taken in one state of the world to future actions in different states of the world. The extent to which human experts find the proper level of generalization is unclear. Here we show, using the sequences of field goal attempts made by professional basketball players, that the outcome of even a single field goal attempt has a considerable effect on the rate of subsequent 3 point shot attempts, in line with standard models of reinforcement learning. However, this change in behaviour is associated with negative correlations between the outcomes of successive field goal attempts. These results indicate that despite years of experience and high motivation, professional players overgeneralize from the outcomes of their most recent actions, which leads to decreased performance.
    Date: 2011–12

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