nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2010‒01‒23
three papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre and Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Game Information, Local Heroes, And Their Effect On Attendance: The Case Of The Japanese Baseball League By Yamamura, Eiji
  2. The optimal layout of football players: A case study for AC Milan By Papahristodoulou, Christos
  3. Impact of Importing Foreign Talent on Performance Levels of Local Co-Workers By J. Alvarez; D. Forrest; I. Sanz; JD. Tena

  1. By: Yamamura, Eiji
    Abstract: In the Japanese Professional Baseball League, the starting pitcher is announced prior to the game in the Pacific League but not in the Central League. I attempt to investigate how the release of information concerning a starting pitcher prior to the game affects attendance. My major findings are: (1) In the Pacific League, the salary (and overall number of wins) of the home team’s starting pitcher is positively related to attendance, while that of the visiting team is not. (2) In the Central League, neither the salary (or the overall number of wins) of the home team’s starting pitcher nor that of the visiting team affect attendance.
    Keywords: Game information; attendance; Japanese Professional Baseball League
    JEL: Z19 L83
    Date: 2010–01–11
  2. By: Papahristodoulou, Christos
    Abstract: This paper attempts to find the optimal formation of three midfielders and three forward football players on ground, using the classic Quadratic Assignment Problem or Facility Layout problem. Players are treated as “machines”, their positions as locations, and the flow of materials between machines as “flow of passes” and “flow of markings”. Based on detailed statistics from four matches of AC Milan, and formulated the problem as minimum (quick strategy), maximum (slow strategy), and mixed or balanced strategies, a number of various layouts emerged. Compared to the initial formation of players, the efficiency time gains in the unconditioned layouts are between 3 and 6.8%. Also, when the manager claims that his three forwards shouldn’t shift positions with the midfielders, the efficiency gains in these restricted layouts is about 14´´ to 74´´, which is about 1 to 3% of the approximately 40´ effective time spent into passes and markings from both teams.
    Keywords: sports; layout; assignment; football players; passes; markings; time;
    JEL: D61 C61 L83 C81
    Date: 2009–12–30
  3. By: J. Alvarez; D. Forrest; I. Sanz; JD. Tena
    Abstract: When skilled labour is imported, skill levels of local workers may be raised by contact with new techniques and practices. European basketball offers an opportunity to test this general claim. For a panel of 47 countries observed over more than twenty years, we model probability of qualification for, and performance in, international tournaments. We demonstrate that an increase in the number of foreigners in a domestic league tends to generate an improvement in the performance of the national team (which comprises only local players). Given this, we develop a theoretical framework for how a regulator might take this into account.
    Keywords: Basketball; migration; spillovers.
    JEL: J6 J7
    Date: 2009

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