nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2010‒01‒10
three papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre and Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Participation, Spectatorship and Media Coverage in Sport By Dawson, P.; Downward, P.
  2. Who will go down this year ? The Determinants of Promotion and Relegation in European Soccer Leagues By Jean-Baptiste Dherbecourt; Bastien Drut
  3. The Influence of Social Pressure and Nationality on Individual Decisions: Evidence from the Behaviour of Referees By Dawson, Peter; Dobson, S

  1. By: Dawson, P.; Downward, P.
    Abstract: This article considers the relationship between active participation in sport, sports spectatorship and television viewing habits using data from the 2005 DCMS Taking Part Survey. We find robust evidence that participation and sports spectatorship are symbiotically linked. In contrast, increase TV viewing per se leads to a reduction in participation.
    Keywords: sporting participation; spectator demand; count models;
    Date: 2009–09
  2. By: Jean-Baptiste Dherbecourt; Bastien Drut
    Abstract: Contributing to the lively debate on closed leagues (North American model) versus open leagues (European model) in professional sport league, this paper aims at determining the drivers of promotion and relegation in the major European soccer leagues. Using a large and original dataset (for example: club’s link with a billionaire, club listed in the stock market, etc.) and logistic regressions, our results show that institutional factors matter to settle in the elite. It also indicates that open leagues system in European soccer championships is de facto very similar to closed leagues system. Furthermore, our forecasting model can be of interest for soccer investors or bookmakers.
    Keywords: Economics of Sport, Organization of Sports Leagues, Soccer, Promotion and Relegation, Economic Forecasting, Regional Economy, Billionaires, Stock Market.
    JEL: L83 R11 R58
    Date: 2009
  3. By: Dawson, Peter; Dobson, S
    Abstract: This study considers the influences on agents’ decisions in an international context. Using data from five seasons of European cup football matches it is found that referees favour home teams when awarding yellow and red cards. Previous research on referee decisions in national leagues has identified social pressure as a key reason for favouritism. While social pressure is also found to be an important influence in this study, the international setting shows that nationality is another important influence on the decision-making of referees. In considering principal-agent relationships account needs to be taken not only of how agents (referees) decide under social pressure but also of how national identity shapes agents’ decision making.
    Keywords: social pressure; nationality; decision-making; referee home bias; football
    Date: 2009

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