nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2009‒05‒23
five papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Technical University of Lisbon

  1. New Stadia and Regional Economic Development By Arne Feddersen; André L. Grötzinger; Wolfgang Maennig
  2. Modelling strategic interactions in sport leagues By Paul Madden
  3. Geography of a Sports Metropolis By Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt; Arne Feddersen
  4. Reporting The Olympic Year By Jane Macartney
  5. Does team competition eliminate the gender gap in entry in competitive environments ?. By Marie-Pierre Dargnies

  1. By: Arne Feddersen (University of Hamburg); André L. Grötzinger (University of Hamburg); Wolfgang Maennig (University of Hamburg)
    Abstract: Using the case of the new stadiums for the FIFA World Cup 2006 in Germany, this paper is the first multivariate work that examines the potential income and employment effects of new stadiums outside of the USA. This study is also the first work on this topic that conducts tests on the basis of a (serial correlation consistent) Difference-in-Difference model with level and trends. As a robustness check, we use the “ignoring time series information” model in a form that is modified for nonsynchronous interventions. We were not able to identify income or employment effects of the construction of new stadiums for the FIFA World Cup 2006, which are significantly different from zero. \
    Keywords: Sports Economics, Regional Economics, Stadia Infrastructure, Difference-in-Difference Model
    JEL: H54 L83 R12 R53
    Date: 2008–10
  2. By: Paul Madden
    Date: 2009
  3. By: Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt (University of Hamburg); Arne Feddersen (University of Hamburg)
    Abstract: This study analyses the sports infrastructure of Hamburg, Germany, from the residents’ perspective. Empirical evidence is provided for the Sports Place Theory developed by BALE (2003) using a micro-level dataset of 1,319 sports facilities, which is merged with highly disaggregated data on population, socio-demographic characteristics and land values. In line with the theory, small and medium facilities on average are found to have catchment areas ranging from 1,000 to 2,500m. Similarly, large facilities carry out services within an area of up to 5,000m. Based on implicit travel costs, locations’ endowment of sports infrastructure is captured by potentiality variables, while accounting for natural and unnatural barriers. Given potential demand, central areas are found to be relatively underprovided with a sports infrastructure compared to peripheral areas where opportunity cost in the form of price of land is lower. The determinants of spatial distribution vary systematically across types of sports fcilities. Publicly provided open sports fields and sport halls tend to be concentrated in areas of relativelylow income which is in line with their social infrastructure character, emphasized by local authorities. In contrast, there is a clear tendency for market allocated tennis facilities to follow purchasing power. Areas with higher proportions of foreigners are subject to relatively lower provision of a sports infrastructure, which contradicts the stated ambitions of planning authorities. To meet the implicit call for action, detailed maps of relative supply indicating privileged and disadvantaged areas offer useful guidance.
    Keywords: Sports Facilities, Sports Geography, Public Infrastructure
    JEL: L83 H4 R53
    Date: 2008–06
  4. By: Jane Macartney
    Abstract: This paper discusses if the Olymipic Games presented a change- not change along the lines of South Koreas leap towards democracy after the Seol Olympics, but some small shift- and how the nature of its Communist rulers dictated its behaviour and its reaction to its events. The author also look at its calculation that modest tactical concessions over policy- towards the Dalai Lama or Dafur- must take second place to stratagic choices made by the Party rulers to retain tight control, be it of the Internet or of their temporary protest parks.[AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY]
    Keywords: white noise; Australian Research Council Federation Fellowship; China; Communist party; International Olympics Committee; Beijing; Tibetan Autonomous Region; Xinhua News Agency; Daily Telegraph; Beijing Olympic Organising Committee (BOCOG); Genocide Games; The Economist; The Times;; Southern Weekend; Peaceful Olympics Action Plan; human rights group; President Sarkozy, People’s Liberation Army; Great Firewall
    Date: 2009
  5. By: Marie-Pierre Dargnies (Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne - Paris School of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper studies the impact of the possibility to enter a tournament as a team on the gender gap in tournament entry. While a large and siignificant gender gap in entry in the individual tournament is found in line with the literature, no gender gap is found in entry in the team tournament. While women do not choose to enter the tournament significantly more often when it is team-based, men enter significantly less as part of a team than alone. Changes in overconfidence as well as in risk, ambiguity and feedback aversion, the difference in men and women's taste for the uncertainty on their teammate's ability all account for a part of the disappearance of the gender gap in tournament entry. A remaining explanation is that being part of a team changes men and women's taste for performing in a competitive environment.
    Keywords: Gender gap, tournament, teams.
    JEL: D81 C91
    Date: 2009–02

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