nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2008‒10‒07
two papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Minority Status and Managerial Survival in Major League Baseball By Brian Volz
  2. Individual behavior and group membership: Comment By Matthias Sutter

  1. By: Brian Volz (University of Connecticut)
    Abstract: The effect of minority status on managerial survival in Major League Baseball is analyzed using survival time analysis and data envelopment analysis. Efficiency scores based on team performance and player salary data from 1985 to 2006 are computed and included as covariates in a survival time analysis. It is shown that when controlling for performance and personal characteristics minorities are on average 9.6 percentage points more likely to return the following season. Additionally, it is shown that winning percentage has no impact on managerial survival when efficiency is controlled for.
    Keywords: Baseball, Management, Race, Survival, DEA
    JEL: J71 L83 C41
    Date: 2008–09
  2. By: Matthias Sutter
    Abstract: Charness et al. (2007b) have shown that group membership has a strong effect on individual decisions in strategic games when group membership is salient through payoff commonality. In this comment I show that their findings also apply to non-strategic decisions, even when no outgroup exists, and I relate the effects of group membership on individual decisions to joint decision making in teams. I find in an investment experiment that individual decisions with salient group membership are largely the same as team decisions. This finding bridges the literature on team decision making and on group membership effects.
    Keywords: Individual Behavior, Group Membership, Team Decision Making, Experiment
    JEL: C91 C92 D71
    Date: 2008–09

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