nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2008‒09‒13
four papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Technical University of Lisbon

  2. Effect of Linguistic Heterogeneity on Technology Transfer: An Economic Study of FIFA Football Rankings. By yamamura, eiji
  3. Equal Pay for Unequal Work: Limiting Sabotage in Teams By Debashis Pal; Arup Bose; David Sappington
  4. Asymmetric Treatment of Identical Agents in Teams By Debashis Pal; Arup Bose; David Sappington

  1. By: yamamura, eiji
    Abstract: Can professional sports teams develop their fan base and increase attendance by using players from their same hometown? In the Japanese Professional Baseball League, the starting pitcher is announced prior to the game in the Pacific League but not in the Central League. Considering characteristics of starting pitchers such as their hometown and salary, and comparing the Pacific and the Central League, I attempt to investigate how and to what extent the release of information concerning a starting pitcher prior to the game affects attendance. My major findings are as follows: (1) In the Pacific League, the salary of the home team’s starting pitcher is positively related to attendance, while that of the visiting team is not. (2) In the Central League, neither the salary of the home team’s starting pitcher nor that of the visiting team’s affect attendance. (3) In the case of the Pacific League, the positive effect of salary on attendance increases when the home team’s starting pitcher is from the same hometown.
    JEL: L83 Z13
    Date: 2008–04–28
  2. By: yamamura, eiji
    Abstract: This paper used the Fédération International de Football Association (FIFA) world ranking points data to examine how linguistic heterogeneity has an impact on technology transfer from the most developed countries. The major findings are: (1) the learning effect from the most developed countries on team performance i s larger for developing countries than for developed countries. (2) Linguistic heterogeneity has a detrimental effect on technology transfer for the developed countries but not for the developing countries. The results presented here are interpreted as implying that the importance of common and proper comprehension of team strategy among members, which is hampered by linguistic heterogeneity, in improving team performance, depends upon the development stage.
    Keywords: FIFA; Football; Technology transer; Heterogeneity
    JEL: O19 L83 Z13
    Date: 2008–07–15
  3. By: Debashis Pal; Arup Bose; David Sappington
    Abstract: We demonstrate the value of equal pay policies in teams, even when team members have distinct abilities and make different contributions to team performance. A commitment to compensate all team members in identical fashion eliminates the incentive that each team member otherwise has to sabotage the activities of teammates in order to induce the team owner to implement a more favorable reward structure. The reduced sabotage benefits the team owner, and can secure Pareto gains under plausible circumstances.
    Date: 2008
  4. By: Debashis Pal; Arup Bose; David Sappington
    Abstract: We investigate when identical agents will be treated asymmetrically in a simple team setting. Asymmetric treatment is optimal when the agents individual contributions to team performance are complements. Symmetric treatment of identical agents is optimal when the agents contributions are substitutes or when they are independent.
    Date: 2008

This nep-spo issue is ©2008 by Joao Carlos Correia Leitao. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.