nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2008‒02‒02
three papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of the Beira Interior

  1. Why NGOs matter for the success of sports events? The case of the America's Cup By Jacopin, Tanguy; Urrutia, Ignacio
  2. How to Divide the Possession of a Football? By Yeon-Koo Che; Terry Hendershott
  3. Does Competition Enhance Performance or Cheating? A Laboratory Experiment By Schwieren, Christiane; Weichselbaumer, Doris

  1. By: Jacopin, Tanguy (IESE Business School); Urrutia, Ignacio (IESE Business School)
    Abstract: Collaborations among companies and NGOs have been widely described in the literature. However, little has been said about how NGOs can become a key success factor for sports events. Palliating the uncertainties associated with consumer response, in this paper it is argued that NGO activist behavior is now a stronger antecedent of success in sporting events than consumer response. The America's Cup is used to illustrate how collaboration with NGOs can create value for all stakeholders and produce the desired outcome.
    Keywords: Stakeholder Management; Value Creation; Sport Marketing; Sport events;
    Date: 2007–09–03
  2. By: Yeon-Koo Che (Department of Economics, Columbia University); Terry Hendershott (Department of Economics, Columbia University)
    Abstract: In an National Football League overtime, a coin is tossed to determine which team will receive the kick off. In the sudden death format starting on offense has a significantly higher chance of winning. We examine two proposals to improve the ex post fairness: auctions and divide-and-choose. We find the auction to provide a better outcome than the divide-and-choose rule in general when the teams have asymmetric assessments about how the overtime game may unfold. The result has broad implications for resource division when individuals do not have complete information about the objects being divided.
    Date: 2007
  3. By: Schwieren, Christiane (University of Heidelberg); Weichselbaumer, Doris (University of Linz)
    Abstract: In this paper we experimentally test whether competing for a desired reward does not only affect individuals’ performance, but also their tendency to cheat. Recent doping scandals in sports as well as forgery and plagiarism scandals in academia have been partially explained by “competitive pressures”, which suggests a link between competition and cheating. In our experiment subjects conduct a task where they have the possibility to make use of illegitimate tools to better their results. We find that women react much stronger to competitive pressure by increasing their cheating activity while there is no overall sex difference in cheating. However, the effect of competition on women’s cheating behavior is entirely due to the fact that women, on average, are doing worse with respect to the assigned task. Indeed we find that it is the ability of an individual to conduct a particular task and not sex that crucially affects the reaction to competition. Poor performers significantly increase their cheating behavior under competition which may be a face-saving strategy or an attempt to retain a chance of winning.
    Keywords: cheating, piece rate, tournament, competition, experiment
    JEL: C91 J24 J31 M52
    Date: 2008–01

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