nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2008‒01‒05
two papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of the Beira Interior

  1. The Impact of Participation in Sports on Educational Attainment : New Evidence from Germany By Thomas Cornelißen; Christian Pfeifer
  2. Strike Three: Umpires' Demand for Discrimination By Christopher A. Parsons; Johan Sulaeman; Michael C. Yates; Daniel S. Hamermesh

  1. By: Thomas Cornelißen; Christian Pfeifer
    Abstract: We analyze the impact of exercising sports during childhood and adolescence on educational attainment. The theoretical framework is based on models of allocation of time and educational productivity. Using the rich information from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), we apply generalized ordered probit models to estimate the effect of participation in sport activities on secondary school degrees and professional degrees. Even after controlling for important variables and selection into sport, we find strong evidence that the effect of sport on educational attainment is statistically significant and positive.
    Keywords: allocation of time, education, human capital, sport
    JEL: I21 J13 J22 J24
    Date: 2007
  2. By: Christopher A. Parsons; Johan Sulaeman; Michael C. Yates; Daniel S. Hamermesh
    Abstract: We explore umpires' racial/ethnic preferences in the evaluation of Major League Baseball pitchers. Controlling for umpire, pitcher, batter and catcher fixed effects and many other factors, strikes are more likely to be called if the umpire and pitcher match race/ethnicity. This effect only exists where there is little scrutiny of umpires' behavior -- in ballparks without computerized systems monitoring umpires' calls, at poorly attended games, and when the called pitch cannot determine the outcome of the at-bat. If a pitcher shares the home-plate umpire's race/ethnicity, he gives up fewer runs per game and improves his team's chance of winning. The results suggest that standard measures of salary discrimination that adjust for measured productivity may generally be flawed. We derive the magnitude of the bias generally and apply it to several examples.
    JEL: J44 J71
    Date: 2007–11

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