nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2005‒12‒01
two papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Women and Competition in Elimination Tournaments: Evidence from Professional Tennis Data By Thierry Lallemand; Robert Plasman; François Rycx
  2. Tournaments and Multiple Productive Inputs: The Case of Performance Enhancing Drugs By Kai A. Konrad

  1. By: Thierry Lallemand (DULBEA, Université libre de Bruxelles, Brussels); Robert Plasman (DULBEA, Université libre de Bruxelles, Brussels); François Rycx (DULBEA, Université libre de Bruxelles, Brussels)
    Abstract: This paper examines how professional female tennisplayers react to: i) prize incentives and ii) heterogeneity in ex ante players’ abilities. It is found that a larger prize spread encourages women to increase effort, even when controlling for many tournament and player characteristics. Further results indicate that uneven contests lead favourites to win more games and underdogs to be less performing. They also show that the performance differential between players increases with the ranking differential. These findings suggest that the outcome of a match is more linked to players’ abilities than to players’ incentives to adjust effort according to success chances.
    Keywords: sports economics, tournaments, incentives, performance, women.
    JEL: J33 J41 M12
    Date: 2005–11
  2. By: Kai A. Konrad (WZB, Free University of Berlin and IZA Bonn)
    Abstract: In this paper I consider the desirability of drugs that enhance cognitive abilities in the context of tournaments that are used as optimal labor contracts as in Lazear and Rosen (1981). Such drugs reduce the number of voluntary participants in a tournament, but increase individual and total output. If the tournament is optimally designed, welfare is higher if drugs are available and used.
    Keywords: cognitive enhancement drugs, tournament, labor market incentives, doping, entry in tournaments
    JEL: D72 D74 L23 M54
    Date: 2005–11

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