nep-spo New Economics Papers
on Sports and Economics
Issue of 2005‒11‒09
two papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Join the Club - On the Attractiveness of Golf Club Membership By Johan Lundberg; Sofia Lundberg
  2. Determinants of visitor expenditure at a major sports event By Malcolm Greig; Ronald W McQuaid

  1. By: Johan Lundberg; Sofia Lundberg
    Abstract: This paper concerns the attractiveness for member ship in Swedish golf clubs. A representative voter model is derived and the attractiveness for member ship in golf clubs estimated using a unique data set on qualities of the golf course, the quality of neighboring courses and characteristics regarding the region where the golf club is located. Characteristics and composition of population within the municipality where the club is located have a significant impact on the attractiveness of the club. The attractiveness increases as the share of number of junior members decrease. Golf is found to be a substitute to publicly financed goods. Keywords: spatial econometrics, sports, utility maximization JEL classification: D71, L83, R12
    Date: 2004–08
  2. By: Malcolm Greig; Ronald W McQuaid
    Abstract: This paper develops a model of the determinants of visitor expenditure at a one day repeated major sporting event in Edinburgh, Scotland. An econometric model is developed that combines both macroeconomic data and socio-economic information derived from over 1,000 visitor interviews. This allows us to control for individual characteristics and estimate the derived elasticities for the macroeconomic determinants of expenditure. The findings suggest that socio-economic characteristics of individuals may be more significant than macroeconomic indicators in explaining variations in visitor expenditure. Among individual characteristics, the region of origin, length of stay, type of accommodation, type of expenditure and personal income are associated with the level of per capita visitor expenditure. This should assist regional policy formulation in attracting higher spending visitors and thereby maximising the income and employment benefits from sporting events and other areas of tourism.
    Date: 2004–08

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