nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2024‒05‒06
three papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström, Axventure AB

  1. Enriching Data and Analysis in Economics with Real Life Experiences: A speech at Women in Economics Symposium, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, . April 4, 2024 By Adriana Kugler
  2. Gender Bias in Emerging New Research Topics: The Impact of COVID-19 on Women in Science By Carolina Biliotti; Massimo Riccaboni; Luca Verginer
  3. Information accessibility and knowledge creation: The impact of Google's withdrawal from China on scientific research By Hussinger, Katrin; Palladini, Lorenzo

  1. By: Adriana Kugler
    Date: 2024–04–04
  2. By: Carolina Biliotti; Massimo Riccaboni; Luca Verginer
    Abstract: We investigate the impact of new research opportunities on the long-standing under-representation of women in medical and academic leadership by assessing the impact of the emergence of COVID-19 as a new research topic in the life sciences on women's authorship. After collecting publication data from 2019 and 2020 on biomedical publications, where the position of first and last author is most important for future career development, we use the major Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms to identify the main research area of each publication and measure the relation of each paper to COVID-19. Using a Difference-in-Difference approach, we find that although the general female authorship trend is upwards, papers in areas related to COVID-19 are less likely to have a woman as first or last author compared to research areas not related to COVID-19. Conversely, new publication opportunities in the COVID-19 research field increase the proportion of women in middle, less-relevant, author positions. Stay-at-home mandates, journal importance, and access to new funds do not fully explain the drop in women's outcomes. The decline in female first authorship is related to the increase of teams in which both lead authors have no prior experience in the COVID-related research field. In addition, pre-existing publishing teams show reduced bias in female key authorship with respect to new teams specifically formed for COVID-related research. This suggests that opportunistic teams, transitioning into research areas with emerging interests, possess greater flexibility in choosing the primary and final authors, potentially reducing uncertainties associated with engaging in productions divergent from their past scientific experiences by excluding women scientists from key authorship positions.
    Date: 2024–04
  3. By: Hussinger, Katrin; Palladini, Lorenzo
    Abstract: How important is Google for scientific research? This paper exploits the exogenous shock represented by Google's sudden withdrawal of its services from mainland China to assess the importance of access to information for the knowledge production function of scientific scholars in the field of economics. For economists, a type of scholar with a simple knowledge production function, results from difference-in-difference analyses, which compare their scientific output to scholars located in the neighboring regions, show that the scientific productivity declines by about 28% in volume and 30% in terms of citations. These results are consistent with the view that information accessibility is an important driver of scientific progress. Considering that the negative effect of the shock is stronger for top scholars located in China, Google's sudden exit bears the risk that researchers lose touch with the research frontier and persistently lag behind their foreign peers.
    Keywords: information accessibility, academic publications, knowledge production, Google, China
    JEL: D83 L86
    Date: 2024

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