nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2024‒03‒04
three papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström, Axventure AB

  1. Who stands on the shoulders of Chinese (scientific) giants? Evidence from chemistry By Azoulay, Pierre; Qiu, Shumin; Steinwender, Claudia
  2. Ten Lessons for Economic Policymakers By Leigh, Andrew
  3. The Truth-Telling of Truth-Seekers: Evidence from Online Experiments with Scientists By Moritz A. Drupp; Menusch Khadjavi; Rudi Voss

  1. By: Azoulay, Pierre; Qiu, Shumin; Steinwender, Claudia
    Abstract: In recent decades, Chinese researchers have become preeminent contributors to the scientific enterprise, as reflected by the number of publications originating from Chinese research institutions. China's rise in science has the potential to push forward the global frontier, but mere production of knowledge does not guarantee that others are able to build on it. In this manuscript, we study how fertile Chinese research is, as measured by citations. Using publication and citation data for elite Chemistry researchers, we show that Chinese authored articles receive only half the citations from the US compared to articles from other countries. We show that even after carefully controlling for the "quality" of Chinese research, Chinese PIs' articles receive 28% fewer citations from US researchers. Our results imply that US researchers do not build as readily on the work of Chinese researchers, relative to the work of other foreign scientists, even in a setting where Chinese scientists have long excelled.
    Keywords: research and development; international spillovers; economics of science; citations; patent citations
    JEL: I23 O30
    Date: 2023–03–13
  2. By: Leigh, Andrew (Parliament of Australia)
    Abstract: Economists have played a powerful role in shaping modern Australia. Drawing on my experience as an academic economist and an economic policymaker, I outline ten principles to guide economists seeking to maximise their impact. These are to (1) Focus on wellbeing, not just dollars; (2) Think comparative advantage; (3) Ignore sunk costs; (4) Optimise, subject to constraints; (5) Use the best evidence; (6) Consider expected value; (7) Think in magnitudes, not just in signs; (8) Channel a libertarian; (9) Remember equity; and (10) Incentives matter.
    Keywords: economic policy, role of economics, relation of economics to social values
    JEL: A11 A13 D04 E60
    Date: 2024–02
  3. By: Moritz A. Drupp; Menusch Khadjavi; Rudi Voss
    Abstract: Academic honesty is crucial for scientific advancement, yet replication crises and misconduct scandals are omnipresent. We provide evidence on scientists’ truth-telling from two incentivized coin-tossing experiments with more than 1, 300 scientists. Experiment I, with predominantly European and North-American scientists, shows that fewer scientists over-report winning tosses when their professional identity is salient. The global Experiment II yields heterogeneous effects. We replicate Experiment I’s effect for North-American scientists, but find the opposite for Southern European and East-Asian scientists. Over-reporting correlates with publication metrics and country-level measures of academic and field-experimental dishonesty, suggesting that country-level honesty norms also guide truth-telling by scientists.
    Keywords: truth-telling, lying, identity, science, cross-country, experiment
    JEL: C93 D82 K42 J45
    Date: 2024

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