nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2024‒02‒19
four papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström, Axventure AB

  1. Recent Temporal Dynamics in Economics: Empirical Analyses of Annual Publications in Economic Fields By Lutz Bornmann; Klaus Wohlrabe
  2. A framework for evaluating reproducibility and replicability in economics By Dreber, Anna; Johannesson, Magnus
  3. Does Chinese research hinge on US co-authors? Evidence from the China initiative By Aghion, Philippe; Antonin, Celine; Paluskiewicz, Luc; Stromberg, David; Wargon, Raphael; Westin, Karolina; Sun, Xueping
  4. The Public Policy Impact of Economics By Heidi Hartmann

  1. By: Lutz Bornmann; Klaus Wohlrabe
    Abstract: Differences in annual publication counts may reflect the dynamic of scientific progress. Declining annual numbers of publications may be interpreted as missing progress in field-specific knowledge. In this paper, we present empirical results on dynamics of progress in economic fields (defined by JEL codes) based on a methodological approach introduced by Bornmann and Haunschild (2022). We focused on publications that have been published between 2012 and 2021 and identified those fields in economics with the highest dynamics (largest rates of change in paper counts). We found that the field with the largest paper output across the years is ‘Economic Development’. The results reveal that the field-specific rates of changes are mostly similar. However, the two fields ‘Production and Organizations’ and ‘Health’ show point estimators which are clearly higher than the estimators for the other fields. We investigated the publications in ‘Production and Organizations’ and ‘Health’ in more detail.
    Keywords: scientometrics, bibliometrics, dynamics of research fields, economics, JEL code
    JEL: A10 A12 A14
    Date: 2024
  2. By: Dreber, Anna; Johannesson, Magnus
    Abstract: We propose a framework for evaluating reproducibility and replicability in economics. Reproducibility is defined as testing if the results of an original study can be reproduced using the same data and replicability is defined as testing if the results of an original study hold in new data. We further divide reproducibility and replicability studies into five types: computational reproducibility, recreate reproducibility, robustness reproducibility, direct replicability and conceptual replicability. In addition to this typology we propose indicators to measure the degree of reproducibility and replicability in both individual studies and for a group of studies.
    Keywords: Reproducibility, replicability, metascience
    JEL: B41 C81 C90
    Date: 2023
  3. By: Aghion, Philippe; Antonin, Celine; Paluskiewicz, Luc; Stromberg, David; Wargon, Raphael; Westin, Karolina; Sun, Xueping
    Abstract: Launched in November 2018 by the Trump administration, the China Initiative was meant to "protect US intellectual property and technologies against Chinese Economic Espionage". In practice, it made administrative procedures more complicated and funding less accessible for collaborative projects between Chinese and US researchers. In this paper we use information from the Scopus database to analyze how the China Initiative shock affected the volume, quality and direction of Chinese research. We find a negative effect of the Initiative on the average quality of both the publications and the co-authors of Chinese researchers with prior US collaborations. Moreover, this negative effect has been stronger for Chinese researchers with higher research productivity and/or who worked on US-dominated fields and/or topics prior to the shock. Finally, we find that Chinese researchers with prior US collaborations reallocated away from US coauthors after the shock and also towards more basic research.
    Keywords: Trump administration; China; US intellectual property; technologies; espionage
    JEL: O30 I23
    Date: 2023–07–17
  4. By: Heidi Hartmann
    Abstract: Heidi Hartmann, founder of the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, talks about the concept of “comparable worth” and what attracted her to the field of economics.
    Keywords: women in economics; public policy
    Date: 2024–01–23

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