nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2023‒05‒01
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Gender and Collaboration. By Lorenzo Ductor; Sanjeev Goyal; Anja Prummer
  2. Who are the gatekeepers of economics? Geographic diversity, gender composition, and interlocking editorship of journal boards By Alberto Baccini; Cristina Re

  1. By: Lorenzo Ductor (Department of Economic Theory and Economic History, University of Granada.); Sanjeev Goyal (Christ's College and Faculty of Economics, Cambridge.); Anja Prummer (Johannes Kepler University Linz, Queen Mary University London.)
    Abstract: We connect gender disparities in research output and collaboration patterns in economics. We first document large gender gaps in research output. These gaps persist across 50 years despite a significant increase in the fraction of women in economics during that time. We further show that output differences are closely related to differences in the co-authorship networks of men and women; women have fewer collaborators, collaborate more often with the same co-authors, and a higher fraction of their co-authors collaborate with each other. Taking into account co-authorship networks reduces the gender output gap by 18%.
    Keywords: Gender Inequality, Co-authorship, Networks, Homophily.
    JEL: D8 D85 J7 J16 O30
    Date: 2023–04–13
  2. By: Alberto Baccini; Cristina Re
    Abstract: Members of editorial boards play the role of gatekeepers of science because. This paper analyses the national distribution of editorial boards members of economics journal, their affiliation, and their gender. It studies also the interlocking editorship network generated by the presence of a same person on the editorial board of more than one journal. The analysis is based on a unique database comprising all the 1, 516 journals indexed in the database EconLit with an active editorial board in 2019. For each journal, we manually collected the names of the board members along with their affiliation, obtaining a database containing more than 44, 000 members from more than 6, 000 institutions and 142 countries. These data allow to investigate the phenomenon of gatekeeping in contemporary economics on an unprecedented large scale. The obtained results highlight some common issues concerning the editorial gatekeeping, leading to the conclusion that in Economics the academic publishing environment is governed by an \'elite composed mainly of men affiliated with United States \'elite universities. Homophily in terms of geographic, institutional and gender distribution is higher in the most prestigious journal and among Editors-in-Chief. Finally, it appears that `strategic decisions' in the selection of board members reproduce this homophily.
    Date: 2023–04

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