nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2023‒04‒24
four papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  2. The Nobel Family By Richard S. J. Tol
  3. Economics and pluralism By Víctor A. Beker
  4. Breach of Academic Values and Digital Deviant Behaviour: the Case of Sci-Hub By Giulia Rossello; Arianna Martinelli

  1. By: T. IJAIYA, GAFAR (Professor of Economics,)
    Abstract: I decided to write this textbook because textbooks on research reporting are hard to come by. What is mostly available are textbooks on research methodology, which given my experience as a researcher, consultant and lecturer in economics and research methodology is not what is needed by students, academia, civil servants, and government policymakers, but how to report or write a research paper. Research reporting is the format, that is, the pattern or the organisation of a research paper and the style of reporting the paper, of which the methods or techniques of research are an integral part. There are a variety of research reports. They include theses, projects as some will call them, seminar papers, term papers, workshop papers, and reports for business or government decision-makers. Reporting on these types of research papers differs in terms of organisation, style, and even in the mode of presentation, and it always depends on the target audience or outlets. A report may be directed at the researcher's colleagues within the academic environment, for publications in scholarly and professional journals, for presentation at conventions and conferences, or as fulfilment for the award of a degree, or for obtaining a certificate in a higher institution, for promotion in an academic institution, for the use of policy/decision makers in a government organisation, or in-house use. Whatever type of report is prepared, the format, length, style, and organisation of a published report should conform to the guidelines of the type of report. Thus, this textbook examines the various types of the research report with particular attention to their format, length, style, and even their mode of presentation. The textbook also examines the issues of citation and referencing which is an important aspect of any research report. The two most widely used styles of citation and referencing [the American Psychological Association (APA) style and the University of Chicago style (Kate Turabian style)] are critically examined.
    Date: 2023–04–08
  2. By: Richard S. J. Tol
    Abstract: Nobel laureates cluster together. 696 of the 727 winners of the Nobel Prize in physics, chemistry, medicine, and economics belong to one single academic family tree. 668 trace their ancestry to Emmanuel Stupanus, 228 to Lord Rayleigh (physics, 1904). Craig Mello (medicine, 2006) counts 51 Nobelists among his ancestors. Chemistry laureates have the most Nobel ancestors and descendants, economics laureates the fewest. Chemistry is the central discipline. Its Nobelists have trained and are trained by Nobelists in other fields. Nobelists in physics (medicine) have trained (by) others. Economics stands apart. Openness to other disciplines is the same in recent and earlier times. The familial concentration of Nobelists is lower now than it used to be.
    Date: 2023–03
  3. By: Víctor A. Beker
    Keywords: pluralism, scientific method, mainstream economics, paradigm
    JEL: B41 A11
    Date: 2021–11
  4. By: Giulia Rossello; Arianna Martinelli
    Abstract: This paper bridges the organisational psychology and the economics of science literature to examine the role of ideology-based psychological contract breach in eliciting mild deviant behaviour in academia. We provide empirical evidence of how the deterioration of academic values related to the diffusion of the ''publish or perish'' paradigm sparkles copyright violations through Sci-Hub. Based on a representative sample of 2849 academics working in top institutions in 6 European countries, we find that ideology-based psychological contract breach explains Sci-Hub usage, also when controlling for other trivial motivations. The magnitude of the effect depends on contextual and demographic characteristics. Females, foreign and tenured scholars are less likely to respond with digital piracy when experiencing a contract breach of academic values. Our results contribute to prevention policy design, highlighting how policies restoring academic values might also address academic piracy.
    Keywords: Academic Values; Digital Piracy; Deviant Behaviour; Psychological Contract Breach; Sci-Hub.
    Date: 2023–03–29

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