nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2023‒04‒17
five papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Who stands on the shoulders of Chinese (scientific) giants? Evidence from chemistry By Pierre Azoulay; Shumin Qiu; Claudia Steinwender
  2. The Clarivate Controversy: How CiteScore Rank Provides a Response to Arbitrary Delisting By Zaman, Khalid
  3. New Data, New Results? How Data Sources and Vintages Affect the Replicability of Research By Goes, Iasmin
  4. Environmental costs of the global job market for economists By Alberto Prati; Olivier Chanel; Morgan Raux
  5. Academic Freedom and Innovation: A Research Note By David Audretsch; Christian Fisch; Chiara Franzoni; Paul P. Momtaz; Silvio Vismara

  1. By: Pierre Azoulay; Shumin Qiu; Claudia Steinwender
    Abstract: In recent decades, Chinese researchers have become preeminent contributors to the scientific enterprise, as reflected by the number of publications originating from Chinese research institutions. China's rise in science has the potential to push forward the global frontier, but mere production of knowledge does not guarantee that others are able to build on it. In this manuscript, we study how fertile Chinese research is, as measured by citations. Using publication and citation data for elite Chemistry researchers, we show that Chinese authored articles receive only half the citations from the US compared to articles from other countries. We show that even after carefully controlling for the "quality" of Chinese research, Chinese PIs' articles receive 28% fewer citations from US researchers. Our results imply that US researchers do not build as readily on the work of Chinese researchers, relative to the work of other foreign scientists, even in a setting where Chinese scientists have long excelled.
    Keywords: research and development, international spillovers, economics of science, citations, patent citations
    Date: 2023–03–13
  2. By: Zaman, Khalid
    Abstract: Clarivate Analytics, a leading provider of scientific and scholarly research solutions, recently announced the delisting 82 journals from its Web of Science core collection. This decision has far-reaching consequences for publishers, authors, and the broader academic community, as these delisted journals will lose their reputations, impact factors, and recognition, even though many have been publishing for over a decade. In this research article, we argue that Clarivate's decision is arbitrary and unfair. It undermines the efforts of reputable publishers who have worked hard to establish their journals as credible academic research sources. We propose that publishers and university journals consider creating their indexing services based on the CiteScore formula, which measures the number of citations of papers in a journal relative to the total number of published papers. This would provide an alternative solution to the problem of arbitrary delisting and empower publishers to take control of academic publishing.
    Keywords: Clarivate Analytics; Arbitrary Delisting; CiteScore; Solution.
    JEL: Y50
    Date: 2023–03–24
  3. By: Goes, Iasmin
    Abstract: Macroeconomic variables like unemployment, inflation, trade, or GDP are not set in stone: they are preliminary estimates that are constantly revised by statistical agencies. These data revisions, or data vintages, often provide conflicting information about the size of a country's economy or its level of development, reducing our confidence in established findings. Would researchers come to different conclusions if they used different vintages? To answer this question, I survey all articles published in a top political science journal between 2005 and 2020. I replicate three prominent articles and find that the use of different vintages can lead to different statistical results, calling into question the robustness of otherwise rigorous empirical research. These findings have two practical implications. First, researchers should always be transparent about their data sources and vintages. Second, researchers should be more modest about the precision and accuracy of their point estimates, since these estimates can mask large measurement errors.
    Date: 2023
  4. By: Alberto Prati (UCL - University College of London [London], University of Oxford, CEP - LSE - Centre for Economic Performance - LSE - London School of Economics and Political Science); Olivier Chanel (AMSE - Aix-Marseille Sciences Economiques - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - ECM - École Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Morgan Raux (University of Luxembourg [Luxembourg])
    Abstract: Each year, the international job market for economists involves more than 1, 000 candidates and several hundred recruiters from around the world meeting for short pre-screening interviews at annual congresses in Europe and the United States. Alberto Prati, Olivier Chanel and Morgan Raux argue that it's time to reassess this unsustainable system and estimate the carbon footprint of alternatives.
    Date: 2022–10
  5. By: David Audretsch; Christian Fisch; Chiara Franzoni; Paul P. Momtaz; Silvio Vismara
    Abstract: The first-ever article published in Research Policy was Casimir's (1971) advocacy of academic freedom in light of the industry's increasing influence on research in universities. Half a century later, the literature attests to the dearth of work on the role of academic freedom for innovation. To fill this gap, we employ instrumental variable techniques to identify the impact of academic freedom on the quantity (patent applications) and quality (patent citations) of innovation output. The empirical evidence suggests that improving academic freedom by one standard deviation increases patent applications and forward citations by 41% and 29%, respectively. The results hold in a representative sample of 157 countries over the 1900-2015 period. This research note is also an alarming plea to policymakers: Global academic freedom has declined over the past decade for the first time in the last century. Our estimates suggest that the decline of academic freedom has resulted in a global loss quantifiable with at least 4.0% fewer patents filed and 5.9% fewer patent citations.
    Date: 2023–03

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