nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2023‒04‒03
four papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Gender Homophily, Collaboration, and Output By Lorenzo Ductor; Anja Prummer
  2. The role of results in deciding to publish By Muradchanian, Jasmine; Hoekstra, Rink; Kiers, Henk; van Ravenzwaaij, Don
  3. Gender Differences in the Early Career Earnings of Economics Graduates By Bazen, Stephen; Charni, Kadija
  4. Economics For The 21st Century By Shaheera Bano

  1. By: Lorenzo Ductor; Anja Prummer
    Abstract: We consider the implications of gender homophily in Economics, which has persisted despite the significant increase in women in the field. As women remain underrepresented, gender homophily may serve as a constraint in collaboration. It could also lead to less gender diverse co-author teams than may be optimal in terms of generating high quality research papers. We show that gender homophily neither constrains collaboration nor prevents higher quality output.
    Keywords: homophily, collaboration, diversity, research quality
    JEL: D85 J16 O30
    Date: 2023–02
  2. By: Muradchanian, Jasmine; Hoekstra, Rink; Kiers, Henk; van Ravenzwaaij, Don (University of Groningen)
    Abstract: Publishing study results in scientific journals has been the standard way of disseminating science. However, getting results published may depend on their statistical significance. The consequence of this is that the representation of scientific knowledge might be biased. This type of bias has been called publication bias. In the present study, we make an attempt to get more insight into publication bias by examining it at the author, reviewer, and editor level. Additionally, we make a direct comparison between publication bias induced by authors, by reviewers, and by editors. Our findings suggest that statistically significant findings have a higher likelihood to be published than statistically non-significant findings, because (1) authors are more likely to write up and submit articles with significant results compared to articles with non-significant results; (2) reviewers give more favourable reviews to articles with significant results compared to articles with non-significant results; and (3) editors are more likely to accept for publication articles with significant results compared to articles with non-significant results. Evidence on differences in the relative contributions to publication bias by authors, reviewers, and editors is ambiguous.
    Date: 2023–03–13
  3. By: Bazen, Stephen (Aix-Marseille University); Charni, Kadija (ESSCA School of Management)
    Abstract: In contrast to the UK, the USA and Germany, the majority of students in economics in France are female. Using a national survey of three cohorts of French university graduates in economics, we examine the gender differential in early career earnings. There is a significant raw differential in favour of male economics graduates in both starting pay and earnings three years after graduation, and the latter is wider than the former. Between 1998 and 2013 both gaps have narrowed but have not disappeared. The raw male-female pay differential stood at 10% for economics graduates in 2013. An Oaxaca decomposition reveals that nearly all of the gap is due to a persistent unexplained component. The gender differential among economics graduates is compared to that in two scientific subject areas: the female-dominated life sciences, and physics and chemistry (taken together) where a majority of graduates are male. The gender pay gap is smaller and the general level of earnings is lower in both science subject areas compared to economics. The decomposition attributes the limited gap in life sciences mainly to a composition effect, whereas in economics and physics and chemistry it is almost entirely due to the unexplained component. Gender differences in occupation suggest that female economics graduates are under-represented in more technical roles where two in five male graduates are found and where pay tends to be higher. However, even when occupation and sector are included as controls in an Oaxaca decomposition, two thirds of the gender differential remain unexplained.
    Keywords: gender earnings differentials, graduate labour market
    JEL: J31 J71
    Date: 2023–02
  4. By: Shaheera Bano (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics)
    Abstract: The current position of economics in the world is considered the only general law in the whole social sciences. Social scientists believe that many phenomena are actually challenging to explain. However, in economics, agents react to changes in incentives which gives us an important insight into a given situation. Microeconomics has made substantial scientific progress in the past 50 years.
    Date: 2022

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