nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2022‒12‒19
one paper chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Gender differences in opinions about market solutions and government interventions: the case of Uruguayan economists. By Verónica Amarante; Marisa Bucheli; Tatiana Pérez; Verónica Amarante

  1. By: Verónica Amarante (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía); Marisa Bucheli (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Sociales. Departamento de Economía); Tatiana Pérez; Verónica Amarante
    Abstract: This paper explores the differences in views between male and female Uruguayan economists regarding their opinions about market solutions and government interventions. In line with international evidence, the support to statements more market-oriented is lower among women than men, but the magnitudes of the gaps are small. We examine the role of age, family background, exposure to economic discussions (proxied by postgraduate education, reading of blogs and press and academic environment), and personality traits (risk aversion, optimism, and preferences for competition) to explain the gender gaps. Our results indicate that there is a positive relationship between gender differences in competitiveness and pro- market opinions. However, the gender difference remains significant after controlling for explanatory variables, though the magnitudes are mild. In any case, the findings indicate that achieving gender balance through the inclusion of women in public debates and decision-making positions would improve the diversity of perspectives in economics.
    Keywords: gender gap, economic opinions, economists
    JEL: A11 H00 Z00
    Date: 2021–02

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