nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2022‒10‒31
three papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. P-Hacking, Data Type and Data-Sharing Policy By Abel Brodeur; Nikolai Cook; Carina Neisser
  2. Gender Gaps at the Academies By David Card; Stefano DellaVigna; Patricia Funk; Nagore Iriberri
  3. Today’s economics: One, No One and One Hundred Thousand. By Ambrosino, Angela; Cedrini, Mario; B. Davis, John

  1. By: Abel Brodeur (University of Ottawa and IZA); Nikolai Cook (Wilfrid Laurier University); Carina Neisser (University of Cologne and IZA)
    Abstract: In this paper, we examine the relationship between p-hacking and data sharing policies for published articles. We collect 38,876 test statistics from 1,106 articles published in leading economic journals between 2002–2020. While a data-sharing policy increases the provision of research data to the community, we find a well-estimated null effect that requiring authors to share their data at the time of publication does not alter the presence of p-hacking. Similarly, articles that use hard-to-access administrative data or third-party surveys, as compared to those that use easier-to-access (e.g., own-collected) data are not different in their p-hacking extent. Voluntary provision of data by authors on their homepages offers no evidence of reduced p-hacking.
    Keywords: p-Hacking, Publication Bias, Data and Code Availability, Data Sharing Policy, Administrative Data, Survey Data
    JEL: A11 B41 C13 C40 I23
    Date: 2022–09
  2. By: David Card; Stefano DellaVigna; Patricia Funk; Nagore Iriberri
    Abstract: Historically, a large majority of the newly elected members of the National Academy of Science (NAS) and the American Academy of Arts and Science (AAAS) were men. Within the past two decades, however, that situation has changed, and in the last 3 years women made up about 40 percent of the new members in both academies. We build lists of active scholars from publications in the top journals in three fields – Psychology, Mathematics and Economics – and develop a series of models to compare changes in the probability of selection of women as members of the NAS and AAAS from the 1960s to today, controlling for publications and citations. In the early years of our sample, women were less likely to be selected as members than men with similar records. By the 1990s, the selection process at both academies was approximately gender-neutral, conditional on publications and citations. In the past 20 years, however, a positive preference for female members has emerged and strengthened in all three fields. Currently, women are 3-15 times more likely to be selected as members of the AAAS and NAS than men with similar publication and citation records.
    JEL: J15 J16 O30
    Date: 2022–09
  3. By: Ambrosino, Angela; Cedrini, Mario; B. Davis, John (University of Turin)
    Abstract: The paper employs the sense and structure of a famous novel by the Italian writer Luigi Pirandello, One, No One and One Hundred Thousand (Uno, nessuno e centomila), of 1926, to reflect upon the recent past, current status, and possible future appearance of economics. From an open/closed system perspective, the paper explores economics in relation to other social science disciplines in the epoch of economics imperialism (“One”), and then the potential identity crisis (similar to the one experienced by the novel’s protagonist) occurring to economics during a prolonged phase of reverse imperialisms by other social sciences (“No one”). Finally, the article provides elements to imagine a possible future of pluralism (“One Hundred Thousand”) for the discipline.
    Date: 2022–09

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