nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2022‒06‒27
five papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. The authors of economics journals revisited: Evidence from a large-scale replication of Hodgson & Rothman (1999) By Aistleitner, Matthias; Kapeller, Jakob; Kronberger, Dominik
  2. Confidence Intervals for Recursive Journal Impact Factors By Johannes König; David I. Stern; Richard S.J. Tol
  3. Testing the Presence of Implicit Hiring Quotas with Application to German Universities By Lena Janys
  4. Gender gaps in low and high-stakes assessments By Fabiana Rocha; Paula Pereda, Maria Dolores, Gabriel Monteiro, Luiza Karpavicius, Liz Matsunaga, Bruna Borges, Clara
  5. Preferred field of study and academic performance By Berlingieri, Francesco; Diegmann, André; Sprietsma, Maresa

  1. By: Aistleitner, Matthias; Kapeller, Jakob; Kronberger, Dominik
    Abstract: In this paper, we present results from of a large-scale replication of Hodgson and Rothman's (1999) seminal analysis of the institutional and geographical concentration of authors publishing in top economic journals. We analyze bibliometric data of more than 49.000 articles published in a set of 30 highly influential economic journals between 1990 and 2018. Based on a random sample of 3.253 authors, we further analyze the PhD-granting institutions of the authors under study to better scrutinize the claim of an institutional oligopoly. The findings confirm the long-term persistence of strong oligopolistic structures in terms of both, author affiliations as well as PhD-granting institutions.
    Keywords: sociology of economics,bibliometrics,concentration in science,replication study
    JEL: A14 B20
    Date: 2022
  2. By: Johannes König (Australian National University); David I. Stern (University of Kassel); Richard S.J. Tol (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
    Abstract: We compute confidence intervals for recursive impact factors, that take into account that some citations are more prestigious than others, as well as for the associated ranks of journals, applying the methods to the population of economics journals. The Quarterly Journal of Economics is clearly the journal with greatest impact, the confidence interval for its rank only includes one. Based on the simple bootstrap, the remainder of the “Top- 5†journals are in the top 6 together with the Journal of Finance, while the Xie et al. (2009), and Mogstad et al. (2022) methods generally broaden estimated confidence intervals, particularly for mid-ranking journals. All methods agree that most apparent differences in journal quality are, in fact, mostly insignificant.
    Keywords: Bibliometrics, citation analysis, publishing, bootstrapping
    JEL: C71
    Date: 2022–04–30
  3. By: Lena Janys (University of Bonn (Department of Economics), Hausdorff Center of Mathematics and IZA)
    Abstract: Women are underrepresented in academia in general and economics in particular. I introduce a test to detect an under-researched form of hiring bias: implicit quotas. I derive a test under the null hypothesis of gender-blind hiring that requires no additional information about individual hires and can be used to analyze hiring bias in a variety of other hiring settings. I derive its asymptotic distribution and propose a parametric bootstrap procedure that resamples from the exact distribution. I analyze the distribution of female professors at German universities and find an implicit quota of one or two women on the department level.
    Keywords: Gender, Academia, Bernoulli Sequences, Hypothesis Testing
    JEL: J71 C12 C18
    Date: 2022–05
  4. By: Fabiana Rocha; Paula Pereda, Maria Dolores, Gabriel Monteiro, Luiza Karpavicius, Liz Matsunaga, Bruna Borges, Clara
    Abstract: A comprehensive body of literature suggests that women do not perform as well as men in competitive settings. In this paper, we use individual-level administrative data to investigate if women and men respond differently to exam stakes in Brazil. We compare performances of students at the University of São Paulo in undergraduate Economics courses (low stakes) and in the national admission exam to Economics graduate programs (high stakes). We find evidence that women outperform men in undergraduate disciplines but underperform on the graduate admission exam. Our study indicates that there are indeed gender differences in low and high-stakes evaluations.
    Keywords: Gender; High-stakes assessments; Graduate admissions; Higher education
    JEL: I23 J16
    Date: 2022–06–02
  5. By: Berlingieri, Francesco; Diegmann, André; Sprietsma, Maresa
    Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of studying the first-choice university subject on dropout and switching field of study for a cohort of students in Germany. Using detailed survey data, and employing an instrumental variable strategy based on variation in the local field of study availability, we provide evidence that students who are not enrolled in their preferred field of study are more likely to change their field, delay graduation and drop out of university. The estimated impact on dropout is particularly strong among students of low socio-economic status and is driven by lower academic performance and motivation.
    Keywords: academic performance,field of study,preferences,university dropout
    JEL: I21 I23 J24
    Date: 2022

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