nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2022‒04‒11
four papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Research networks and publications in Economics. Evidence from a small developing country. By Verónica Amarante; Marisa Bucheli; Mariana Rodríguez Vivas
  2. Male and Female Voices in Economics By Hans Henrik Sievertsen; Sarah Smith
  3. Using the Leiden Rankings as a Heuristics: Evidence from Italian universities in the European landscape By Cinzia Daraio; Simone Di Leo; Loet Leydesdorff
  4. Citations, funding and influence in Energy-Policy research on Developing Economies By Ali, M.; Couto, L. C.; Unsworth, S.; Debnath, R.

  1. By: Verónica Amarante (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía); Marisa Bucheli (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Sociales. Departamento de Economía); Mariana Rodríguez Vivas (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)
    Abstract: This article addresses the relationship between international research collaboration and the performance of researchers through the focus on a specific discipline -Economics- in a small developing country -Uruguay-. We map the collaboration between Uruguayan economists and non-local researchers and analyze the correlation between these collaborations and scholars’ achievements, as reflected by the quality of the publications included in Scopus-Elsevier. Our results confirm the positive and significant association between research collaboration and research output. Researchers from a developing country involved in international collaborations get a higher impact or quality of their research, but this result holds only when international collaborations involve researchers located in northern countries.
    Keywords: research networks, research output, bibliometrics
    JEL: A14 I23
    Date: 2021–12
  2. By: Hans Henrik Sievertsen; Sarah Smith
    Abstract: Women’s voices are likely to be even more absent from economic debates than headline figures on female under-representation suggest. Focusing on a panel of leading economists we find that men are more willing than women to express an opinion and are more certain and more confident in their opinions, including in areas where both are experts. Women make up 21 per cent of the panel but 19 per cent of the opinions expressed and 14 per cent of strong opinions. We discuss implications for the economics profession and for promoting a genuine diversity of views.
    Date: 2022–03–07
  3. By: Cinzia Daraio; Simone Di Leo; Loet Leydesdorff
    Abstract: We propose an innovative use of the information provided by the Leiden Rankings (LR). Although LR only consider research output of major universities reported in Web of Science, statistical analysis of LRs combined with network mapping can reveal the complexity of research performance measurement. Yet, one can identify ''outlying'' institutions that perform significantly below or above expectations; these can be further analyzed using case studies. Outliers can inform and guide science policies about alternative options. Analyzing the case of the Politecnico di Bari, we observe that ''small teams'' led by young and promising scholars can push the performance of a university up to the top of the LR. Supporting ''emerging teams'', as argued by Moed (2017), can thus be an alternative to research support policies, adopted to encourage virtuous behaviors and best practices in research.
    Keywords: University rankings; Leiden Rankings; Italian universities; best research practices; Politecnico di Bari; case study; emerging groups.
    Date: 2022–03–01
  4. By: Ali, M.; Couto, L. C.; Unsworth, S.; Debnath, R.
    Abstract: Energy research seeking to influence policy in low- and -middle-income countries (LMICs) is often funded by – and conceptualised by authors in - institutions from high-income countries (HICs). Research agendas and policy recommendations determined in HICs potentially yield the most influence on policymaking for LMICs. This leaves a multidimensional gap in how LMICs frame, contextualise, evidence and enact policy processes. The unique contribution of this paper is analysing the dynamics of prevalent energy research on LMICs through a multi-method approach using bibliometric, network science and regression-based techniques. An innovative data-driven framework was established using a sample of 6,636 papers from the Web of Science database, combined with journal impact data from Scimago Journal Ranking and country economic data from the World Bank. Results show the existence of a cycle of imbalances across research practices. Most papers recommending energy policy for LMICs have a first author based in a HIC, funded by a HIC institution. Total citations of articles on energy policy in LMICs increase with the GDP of the first author’s country (a 1% increase in GDP is correlated with a 0.68% increase in total citations). Funders support authors based in countries of the same income band as them, or higher. Therefore, we recommend revising research practices and HIC funding policies to place local actors and knowledge at the heart of energy policy research, enabling high-impact policymaking in LMICs.
    Keywords: developing countries, Energy policy, energy research, funding, science collaboration
    JEL: Q49 O39 I28
    Date: 2022–03–05

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