nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2021‒12‒20
three papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Gender Differences in Economics PhD Field Specializations with Correlated Choices By Eva Sierminska; Ronald Oaxaca
  2. Do pre-analysis plans hamper publication? By Ofosu, George K.; Posner, Daniel N.
  3. Adams and Eves: The Gender Gap in Economics Majors By Bertocchi, Graziella; Bonacini, Luca; Murat, Marina

  1. By: Eva Sierminska; Ronald Oaxaca
    Abstract: We model the process of field specialization choice among beginning economists within a multivariate logit framework that accommodates single and dual primary field specializations and incorporates correlations among field specialization choices. Conditioning on personal, economic, and institutional variables reveals that women graduate students are less likely to specialize in Labor/Health, Macro/Finance, Industrial Organization, Public Economics, and Development/Growth/International and are more likely to specialize in Agricultural/Resource/Environmental Economics. Field-specific gender faculty ratios and expected relative salaries as well as economics department rankings are significant factors for gender doctoral specialization dissimilarity. Preferences and characteristics contribute about equally to field specialization dissimilarity
    Keywords: gender; economics; specialization; salaries
    JEL: J08 J16 J31
    Date: 2021–12
  2. By: Ofosu, George K.; Posner, Daniel N.
    Abstract: Scholars assert that pre-analysis plans (PAPs) generate boring, lab-report style papers and thus hamper publication. We test this claim by comparing the publication rates of experimental NBER working papers with and without PAPs. We find that articles with PAPs are slightly less likely to be published. However, conditional on being published, PAP-generated papers are significantly more likely to land in top-five journals. Also, PAP-based journal articles generate more citations. Our findings suggest that the alleged trade-off between career concerns and the scientific credibility that comes from registering and adhering to a PAP is less stark than is sometimes alleged.
    JEL: A14 I23
    Date: 2020–05–01
  3. By: Bertocchi, Graziella; Bonacini, Luca; Murat, Marina
    Abstract: We investigate the gender gap in Economics among bachelor's and master's grad- uates in Italy between 2010 and 2019. First we establish that being female exerts a negative impact on the choice to major in Economics: at the bachelor level, only 73 women graduate in Economics for every 100 men, with the mathematical con- tent of high school curricula as the key driver of the effect and a persistence of the gap at the master level. Second, within a full menu of major choices, Economics displays the largest gap, followed by STEM and then Business Economics. Third, decomposition analyses expose a unique role for the math background in driving the Economics gender gap relative to other fields. Fourth, a triple difference analysis of a high school reform shows that an increase in the math content of traditionally low math curricula caused an increase in the Economics gender gap among treated students.
    Keywords: Education Gender Gap,Economics,Higher Education,Business Economics,Major Choice,Major Switching,Mathematics,Stereotypes
    JEL: A22 I23 J16
    Date: 2021

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