nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2021‒10‒04
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Right to Research and Copyright Law: From Photocopying to Shadow Libraries By Ram Mohan, M.P.; Gupta, Aditya
  2. Why is the statistical revolution not progressing? Vicious cycle of the scientific reform By Bialek, Michal; Misiak, Michał; Dziekan, Martyna

  1. By: Ram Mohan, M.P.; Gupta, Aditya
    Abstract: Academic research and publishing are facing a crisis. The importance of access to academic literature in an interconnected world, the ever-growing cost of subscriptions to this literature, different revenue models of journals, and reducing or stagnant library budgets are pushing research and the academic community to find alternatives for academic research and publications. In its 25 years of existence, the open access movement and models which sought to contain the crisis have become the subject of considerable criticism. At the same time, a significant portion of academic literature remains locked behind steep paywalls. This has led to the growth of pirate websites and shadow libraries which have been met with forceful legal retribution by the publishers using Copyright laws. Using the Sci-Hub case, which is currently facing copyright infringement by a group of publishers before the Delhi High Court, the article evaluates the Open Access Movement, fair dealing in copyright law, academic piracy, and courts cases in the United States, India, and other countries, within the broad meaning of the right to research. The paper concludes that the purposive interpretation of the Copyright Law may have an answer enabling a just outcome.
    Date: 2021–09–24
  2. By: Bialek, Michal (University of Waterloo); Misiak, Michał (University of Wroclaw); Dziekan, Martyna
    Abstract: To analyze the results of the research, behavioral scientists widely use a statistical rule that sets the significance level to 0.05. Recently, two recommendations on how to improve statistical inference were published: to redefine statistical significance to 0.005, and to select and justify the alpha. We analyzed the empirical work that cited the original recommendation papers, as well as the papers published by the scientist that co-authored the publications. About half of the numerous papers citing these recommendations adhered to them already in the first year since their publication. What is striking, the original authors that proposed the recommendations followed their own recommendations only in 6% of their empirical work. We surveyed the authors asking them to identify major obstacles they experienced while trying to implement their own recommendations, and obstacles they think others could expect or experience.
    Date: 2021–09–23

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