nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2021‒08‒16
three papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Gender differences among active reviewers: an investigation based on Publons By Zhang, Lin; Shang, Yuanyuan; HUANG, Ying; Sivertsen, Gunnar
  2. Classifying Top Economists Using Archetypoid Analysis By Sabine Gralka; Klaus Wohlrabe
  3. Fifty shades of QE: comparing findings of central bankers and academics By Jančoková, Martina; Pástor, Ľuboš; Fabo, Brian; Kempf, Elisabeth

  1. By: Zhang, Lin; Shang, Yuanyuan; HUANG, Ying; Sivertsen, Gunnar
    Abstract: Peer review of scientific manuscripts before publication is essential in scholarly publishing, and most active researchers hold relationships with a number of journals as both an author and a reviewer. There have been several studies focusing on gender balance in academic research and authorship, but fewer studies on our role as reviewers. Publons is a commercial website run by Clarivate Analytics that allows researchers to track and verify their peer review activities and be recognized for it. The platform features over 2 million researchers and 6.9 million reviews for more than 5,000 partnered journals, listing the most active reviewers as “top reviewers”. Our study focuses on gender representation in this ‘top reviewer’ group while also looking at the countries, regions and research fields they represent, as well as the relationship between their roles as authors and reviewers. The results show that male reviewers dominate in almost all countries, regions, and research fields. Male reviewers generally contribute to review work more frequently than females; however, female reviewers write longer reviews. The correlations between reviewing activity and research activity are generally weak overall and within specific research fields. This may reflect that active reviewers are not necessarily the most productive researchers in their fields. What clearly emerges from our results is the need for more concern over gender representation in the quality assurance and gatekeeping functions of scholarly publishing.
    Date: 2021–08–02
  2. By: Sabine Gralka; Klaus Wohlrabe
    Abstract: Updating the study by Seiler and Wohlrabe (2013) we use archetypoid analysis to classify top economists. The approach allows us to identify typical characteristics of extreme (archetypal) values in a multivariate data set. In contrast to its predecessor, the archetypal analysis, archetypoids always represent actual observed units in the data. Using bibliometric data from 776 top economists we identify four archetypoids. These types represent solid, low, top and diligent performer. Each economist is assigned to one or more of these archetypoids.
    Keywords: archetypoid analysis, classification, RePEc, economists
    JEL: C38 I21 I23
    Date: 2021
  3. By: Jančoková, Martina; Pástor, Ľuboš; Fabo, Brian; Kempf, Elisabeth
    Abstract: We compare the findings of central bank researchers and academic economists regarding the macroeconomic effects of quantitative easing (QE). We find that central bank papers find QE to be more effective than academic papers do. Central bank papers report larger effects of QE on output and inflation. They also report QE effects on output that are more significant, both statistically and economically, and they use more positive language in the abstract. Central bank researchers who report larger QE effects on output experience more favorable career outcomes. A survey of central banks reveals substantial involvement of bank management in research production. JEL Classification: A11, E52, E58, G28
    Keywords: career concerns, central bank, economic research, QE, quantitative easing
    Date: 2021–08

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