nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2021‒01‒04
six papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. How the publish-or-perish principle divides a science: The case of economists By van Dalen, Hendrik Peter
  2. Rise of the Kniesians: The professor-student network of Nobel laureates in economics By Richard S. J. Tol
  3. Quién es quién en la red de coautoría en Colombia By Carlos León; Angélica Bahos-Olivera
  4. Academic engagement with industry: the role of research quality and experience By Scandura, Alessandra; Iammarino, Simona

  1. By: van Dalen, Hendrik Peter (Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management)
    Date: 2020
  2. By: Richard S. J. Tol
    Abstract: The paper presents the professor-student network of Nobel laureates in economics. 74 of the 79 Nobelists belong to one family tree. The remaining 5 belong to 3 separate trees. There are 350 men in the graph, and 4 women. Karl Knies is the central-most professor, followed by Wassily Leontief. No classical and few neo-classical economists have left notable descendants. Harvard is the central-most university, followed by Chicago and Berlin. Most candidates for the Nobel prize belong to the main family tree, but new trees may arise for the students of Terence Gorman and Denis Sargan.
    Date: 2020–11
  3. By: Carlos León; Angélica Bahos-Olivera
    Abstract: Scopus es la mayor base de datos de citas y resúmenes bibliográficos de publicaciones revisadas por pares. En este artículo estudiamos la red de coautoría de artículos publicados entre 2010 y 2019 en revistas indexadas en Scopus, del área de economía, econometría y finanzas, donde alguno de los autores está afiliado a una institución en Colombia. Conseguimos visualizar y describir la estructura conectiva de la red de coautoría. Pese a que la red es poco interconectada, existen unos cuantos autores altamente interconectados que la mantienen unida y con una corta distancia entre los autores que la conforman, en lo que se conoce como una red de mundo pequeño; esto coincide con lo reportado en la literatura. Luego de descartar a autores ocasionales, cuantificamos la importancia de los autores por su contribución a la red de coautoría. Resalta la importancia de los autores afiliados al Banco de la República (el banco central de Colombia), quienes contribuyen de gran manera a la estructura conectiva de la red. Este es un primer paso hacia el estudio de la red de publicaciones indexadas del área de economía en el caso colombiano. **** Scopus is the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. We study the coauthorship network of articles published between 2010 and 2019 in Scopus-indexed journals in the economics, econometrics, and finance subject area, with at least one of the authors affiliated to a Colombian institution. We visualize and describe the connective structure of the coauthorship network. Although it is sparsely connected, there are a few well-connected authors that keep it together and allow authors to be close to each other, which is commonly known as a small-world network; this concurs with related literature. After discarding occasional authors, we quantify the importance of authors as contributors to the network. Results show the importance of authors affiliated to Banco de la República (the Colombian central bank), who contribute decisively to the connective structure of the network. This article is a first step towards the study of indexed publications in economics in the Colombian case.
    Keywords: redes, coautoría, investigación, centralidad, networks, coauthorship, research, centrality
    JEL: L14 A14 D85 O30
    Date: 2020–12
  4. By: Scandura, Alessandra; Iammarino, Simona (University of Turin)
    Abstract: This work explores the role of university department characteristics on academic engagement with industry. In particular, we investigate the role played by research quality and previous experience across different scientific disciplines. We test our hypotheses on a dataset of publicly funded university-industry partnerships in the UK, combined with data from the UK Research Assessment Exercises 2001 and 2008. Our data reveal a negative link between academic quality and the level of engagement with industry for departments in the basic sciences, and a positive relationship for departments in the applied sciences. Our results further show that the role of research quality for academic engagement tightly depends on the level of department previous experience in university-industry partnerships, notably in the basic sciences, where experience acts as a moderating factor. The findings of this work are highly relevant for policy makers and university managers, and contribute to the innovation literature focused on the investigation of the determinants of valuable knowledge transfer practices in academia.
    Date: 2020–10
  5. By: Andrei A. Ilin (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Ksenia M. Belik (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: Grant-based funding became one of the crucial innovations in the Russian academia of the 1990s. It has been studied from quantitative and institutional perspectives while our paper focuses primarily on oral histories of grants that shed light on their subjective meaning. Interviews show that some Russian academics remember their first experiences of applying for various programs, competition and peer review as important part of their ego-narratives. These narratives portray ambitious, independent, and free-minded scholarly persona that chimes with the virtues promoted in the academic community back in the 1990s, when research grants and scholarships were introduced. Apart of their practical benefits and prestige, grants helped some scientists and scholars to comprehend themselves and the changing landscape of post-Soviet academia.
    Keywords: oral history, grants, history of post-soviet universities, history of post-soviet academia, history of the 90-s, academic persona.
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2020
  6. By: Alexandra Koroleva (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Viktoria Kobzeva (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: The paper investigates interviews from the archive of Poletayev Institute for Theoretical and Historical Studies in the Humanities (IGITI) which were conducted in 2010s with Russian scholars and professors. The data from these interviews is used to study transnational academic mobility experience in the post-Soviet years (2000s–2010s) by young Russian scholars – the respondents of the interviews who entered higher education institutions in the post-Soviet period. The paper examines how they described academic mobility experience, its impact on their idea of university, concept of excellence, and the significance of academic mobility itself
    Keywords: academic mobility, ‘brain drain’, international academia, young Russian scholars, academic excellence.
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2020

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