nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2020‒12‒21
four papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Italian Doctorate Holders and Academic Career. Progression in the Period 1986-2015 By Massimiliano Coda Zabetta; Aldo Geuna
  2. Cite Unseen: Theory and Evidence on the Effect of Open Access on Cites to Academic Articles Across the Quality Spectrum By Mark J. McCabe; Christopher Snyder
  3. Zur Relevanz von Ausstattungsunterschieden für Forschungsleistungsvergleiche: Ein Diskussionsbeitrag für die Wirtschaftswissenschaften in Deutschland By Püttmann, Vitus; Thomsen, Stephan L.; Trunzer, Johannes
  4. Do the Values of Economists Matter in the Art and Science of Economics? By van Dalen, Harry

  1. By: Massimiliano Coda Zabetta; Aldo Geuna
    Abstract: This paper describes the Italian Doctoral Holder and Academic Career (IDH-AC) database, which includes unique information on the population of doctoral graduates from Italian universities, in all disciplines, in the period from the first cycle of doctorates (1983-86) to 2006. Doctoral graduates who pursued an academic career in Italy were identified by matching with the list of academics active in Italian universities in the period 1990-2015. These original data allows us to shed light on several issues related to the Italian academic labour market, such as gender, inbreeding, mobility, hiring and promotion patterns. The paper i) describes the record linkage between two datasets and ii) presents an exploratory statistical analysis of academic employment outcomes for the population of researchers who were awarded a doctoral degree from an Italian university over a 20 year period.
    Keywords: PhD holders, Academic careers, Database, Record linkage.
    JEL: I23 J45 M51
    Date: 2020
  2. By: Mark J. McCabe; Christopher Snyder
    Abstract: Our previous paper (McCabe and Snyder 2014) contained the provocative result that, despite a positive average effect, open access reduces cites to some articles, in particular those published in lower-tier journals. We propose a model in which open access leads more readers to acquire the full text, yielding more cites from some, but fewer cites from those who would have cited the article based on superficial knowledge but who refrain once they learn that the article is a bad match. We test the theory with data for over 200,000 science articles binned by cites received during a pre-study period. Consistent with the theory, the marginal effect of open access is negative for the least-cited articles, positive for the most cited, and generally monotonic for quality levels in between. Also consistent with the theory is a magnification of these effects for articles placed on PubMed Central, one of the broadest open-access platforms, and the differential pattern of results for cites from insiders versus outsiders to the article’s field.
    JEL: D83 L17 O33
    Date: 2020–11
  3. By: Püttmann, Vitus; Thomsen, Stephan L.; Trunzer, Johannes
    Abstract: Forschungsleistungen sind nicht unabhängig von den gegebenen institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen. Auf Basis der personellen und finanziellen Ausstattung sowie der Lehrbelastung identifizieren wir sechs Gruppen der universitären Wirtschaftswissenschaften in Deutschland. Für diese vergleichen wir Promotionen, Drittmittel, Publikationen und die Platzierung im RePEc-Ranking als gängige Indikatoren zur Forschungsleistung. Die Ergebnisse bestätigen erwartungsgemäß Zusammenhänge zwischen Input- und Outputgrößen. Besonders bedeutsam ist die Ausstattung der Professuren mit wissenschaftlichem Personal. Zugleich lassen sich gemeinsame Forschungsprofile in den verschiedenen Gruppen erkennen: z.B. sind einige wenige (tendenziell große und junge) Standorte auf Top-Publikationen spezialisiert; andere sind darauf weniger ausgerichtet, leisten aber vielzitierte und drittmittelstarke Forschung. Die Analyse unterstreicht die notwendige Differenzierung bei Leistungsvergleichen und soll als Diskussionsanstoß für Weiterentwicklungen dienen.
    Keywords: Grundausstattung; Lehrbelastung; Ranking; Leistungsindikatoren; Clusteranalyse
    JEL: A11 I23
    Date: 2020–12
  4. By: van Dalen, Harry (Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management)
    Date: 2019

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