nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2020‒08‒31
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Incentive or Disincentive for Disclosure of Research Data? A Large-Scale Empirical Analysis and Implications for Open Science Policy By KWON Seokbeom; MOTOHASHI Kazuyuki
  2. Network effects and research collaborations By Dennis Essers; Francesco Grigoli; Evgenia Pugacheva

  1. By: KWON Seokbeom; MOTOHASHI Kazuyuki
    Abstract: The incentive for scientists to disclose their research data hinges on the extent to which data disclosure brings academic credit (the credit effect) compared to the dissipation of academic credit through intensified scientific competition (the competition effect). In this study, we examine the net effect on the academic credit received by research publications of data-providing researchers publicly disclosing research data. To accomplish this, we compared the citation impact of scientific journal articles that disclosed original data with those that did not. An analysis of metadata of over 310,000 Web of Science (WoS)-indexed journal articles published in 2010 shows that in the early period after publication, more citations accrued to articles that disclosed original data than to those that did not. However, this difference faded over time and the pattern was later reversed. Additional analysis shows that the credit effect dominates for data-disclosing research published in journals with higher scholarly reputations, whereas the competition effect dominates for research published in journals with lower scholarly reputations. This study contributes to on-going policy discussion concerning the need for institutional measures to promote open science and the disclosure of research data by scientists.
    Date: 2020–06
  2. By: Dennis Essers (Economics and Research Department, NBB,); Francesco Grigoli (International Monetary Fund, Research Department,); Evgenia Pugacheva (International Monetary Fund, Research Department,)
    Abstract: We study the determinants of new and repeated research collaborations, drawing on the coauthorship network of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s Working Papers series. Being an outlet where authors express their views on topics of interest, and given that IMF staff is not subject to the “publish-or-perish” conditions of the academia, the IMF Working Papers series constitutes an appropriate testing ground to examine the endogenous nature of co-authorship formation. We show that the co-authorship network is characterized by many authors with few direct co-authors, yet indirectly connected to each other through short co-authorship chains. We find that a shorter distance in the co-authorship network is key for starting research collaborations. Also, higher research productivity, being employed in the same department, and having citizenship of the same region help to start and repeat collaborations. Furthermore, authors with different co-authorship network sizes are more likely to collaborate, possibly reflecting synergies between senior and junior staff members.
    Keywords: Research collaboration, co-authorship, networks, research publications, IMF.
    JEL: D85 O31
    Date: 2020–07

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