nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2020‒07‒13
three papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. A New Mechanism to Alleviate the Crises of Con?dence in Science With An Application to the Public Goods Game By Luigi Butera; Philip J. Grossman; Daniel Houser; John A. List; Marie Claire Villeval
  2. Reforming Science Publishing By Moustafa, Khaled
  3. Reinventing Scientific Journals By Lobo, Matheus Pereira

  1. By: Luigi Butera (Copenhagen Business School); Philip J. Grossman (Monash University); Daniel Houser (George Mason University); John A. List (University of Chicago and NBER); Marie Claire Villeval (Univ Lyon, CNRS, GATE UMR 5824, F-69130 Ecully, France; IZA, Bonn)
    Abstract: Recently a credibility crisis has taken hold across the social sciences, arguing that a component of Fischer (1935)’s tripod has not been fully embraced: replication. The importance of replications is not debatable scienti?cally, but researchers’ incentives are not su?cient to encourage replications. We analyze a novel mechanism promoting replications through bene?cial gains between scholars and editors. We highlight the tradeo?s involved in seeking independent replications before submission to journals, and demonstrate the operation of this method via an investigation of the e?ects of Knightian uncertainty on cooperation in public goods games, a pervasive but largely unexplored feature in the literature.
    Keywords: Replication, science, public goods, uncertainty, experiment
    JEL: A11 C18 C92 D82
    Date: 2020
  2. By: Moustafa, Khaled
    Abstract: Over the past few years, different changes have been introduced into the science publishing industry. However, important reforms are still required at both the content and form levels. First, the peer review process needs to be open, fair and transparent. Second, author-paid fees in open access journals need to either be removed or reconsidered toward more affordability. Third, the categorization of papers should include all types of scientific contributions that can be of higher interest to the scientific community than many mere quantitative and observable measures, or simply removed from publications. Forth, word counts and reference numbers in online open access journal should be nuanced or replaced by recommended ranges rather than to be a proxy of acceptance or rejection. Finally, all the coauthors of a manuscript should be considered corresponding authors and responsible for their mutual manuscript rather than only one or two.
    Date: 2020–06–28
  3. By: Lobo, Matheus Pereira (Federal University of Tocantins)
    Abstract: We present what we believe are mandatory parameters for a robust Scientific Journal in order to preserve the health of our academic publishing system.
    Date: 2020–06–08

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