nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2020‒04‒06
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: Is Economics the Fairest of Them All ? By Quan-Hoang Vuong; Nguyen Phuc Khanh Linh; Viet Phuong La; Thu-Trang Vuong; Manh-Tung Ho; Minh Hoang Nguyen; Thanh-Hang Pham; Manh Toan Ho
  2. Efficiency of Universities and Research-Focused Institutions Worldwide: An Empirical DEA Investigation Based on Institutional Publication Numbers and Estimated Academic Staff Numbers By Lutz Bornmann; Sabine Gralka; Félix de Moya Anegón; Klaus Wohlrabe

  1. By: Quan-Hoang Vuong; Nguyen Phuc Khanh Linh; Viet Phuong La; Thu-Trang Vuong; Manh-Tung Ho; Minh Hoang Nguyen; Thanh-Hang Pham; Manh Toan Ho
    Abstract: As an example of a recent emerging economy, Vietnam has witnessed changes in its research policies and productivity during the last ten years. Since the establishment of the National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) in 2008, the Vietnamese scientific community had adapted to new international standards in 2014 and 2017, which resulted in different productivity between social sciences and humanities (SSH) disciplines. Therefore, to understand the effects of new research policies, this study deploys Bayesian analysis on a comprehensive dataset of 1,564 Vietnamese authors in the 2008-2018 period. The dataset was extracted from the exclusively designed Social Sciences Humanities Peer Award (SSHPA) database ( Various factors are considered in the data collecting process, including age, gender, new authors in a year, leading authors, co-authorship, and journal’s Impact Factor (JIF). The findings indicate three main characteristics of the Vietnamese SSH community after the research policy application. First, in terms of output, Economics is the dominant field relative to other SSH’s disciplines in Vietnam. It has contributed 858 publications in 12 years, about two times as much as the total output of Education, the second place. Economics also experiences a high level of contribution from authors at the age of 40-44 and nearly 500 new authors within the period. Secondly, despite a rapid rise in the number of lead authors, gender disparity among disciplines is a critical issue. Male researchers outnumber female ones in Economics and Social medicine, with Education being the sole exception. Lastly, authors in Education appears to have less international collaboration than those in Social medicine, Economics, and other fields. The success of Economics could be a reference point for other SSH disciplines to increase their research output. These findings enable a better understanding of SSH research policy application and call for a more suitable policy to support female academics in a number of SSH fields.
    Keywords: Social sciences and humanities; Social medicine; Education; Scientific productivity; Research policy application; Economics; SSHPA database; Vietnam
    JEL: A00 A10 B40 I20
    Date: 2020–03–18
  2. By: Lutz Bornmann; Sabine Gralka; Félix de Moya Anegón; Klaus Wohlrabe
    Abstract: One of the core indicators in the field of scientometrics is the number of papers published by a unit within a given period. However, such indicators can only be assessed properly by considering the unit’s available resources. When evaluating the efficiency of institutions worldwide, the problem concerning the availability of internationally standardized data arises. While on the output side consistent publication indicators are available, these data are frequently not available on the input side. We therefore introduce a new input indicator based on the authors’ mentions in the institutions’ papers. We calculate efficiency scores for more than 4,800 universities and other research-focused institutions worldwide. “Harvard University” is the best performing institution (in all years) followed by many other institutions from Northern America or Europe. The results of the study show that institutions in the Pacific region have the highest average efficiency scores, followed by Northern America and Western Europe. While many results of this study are scarcely surprising, it is the first time that an efficiency analysis is being performed for a multitude of institutions worldwide using a standardized input indicator. It seems that the new proxy indicator based on co-authors is suitable for reflecting institutional staff numbers.
    Keywords: bibliometrics, efficiency, data envelopment analysis, universities, research-focused institutions, world
    JEL: I21 I23 D61 H52
    Date: 2020

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