nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2020‒01‒13
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Sorting out Guidelines for a Good Evaluation of Research Practices.Towards the Assessment of Researcher’s Virtues By Cinzia Daraio; Alessio Vaccari
  2. European Economics and the Early Years of the “International Seminar on Macroeconomics†By Aurélien Goutsmedt; Matthieu Renault, Francesco Sergi

  1. By: Cinzia Daraio (Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering Antonio Ruberti (DIAG), University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy); Alessio Vaccari (Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering Antonio Ruberti (DIAG), University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy)
    Abstract: In this paper, we propose the adoption of moral philosophy and in particular normative ethics, to clarify the concept of “good†evaluation of “research practices†. Our perspective is based on the idea that research is a form of social practice according to MacIntyre (1985)’s conceptualization. From MacIntyre’s notion, we elaborate three typologies of researcher: the leader, the good researcher and the honest researcher. Reflecting on what is a “good" research practice and on what is the role of researchers in it provides insight into some aspects of both the self-assessment process and how this promotes individual improvement. Moreover, this kind of reflection helps us to describe the functions (missions) of the research practices. A “good†evaluation should take into account all the building constituents of a “good†research practice and should be able to discriminate between good and bad research practices, while enforcing the functions of good research practices. These reflections may be the starting point for a paradigm shift in the evaluation of research practices which replaces an evaluation centred on products with an evaluation focused on the functions of these practices. In the last sections of the paper, we introduce and discuss an important aspect for the implementation of the proposed framework. This relates to the assessment of the virtues of researchers involved in a good research practice. Some examples of questions and preliminary items to include in a questionnaire for the assessment of Virtues in Research Practices are also provided.
    Keywords: research assessment ; good evaluation : research practice ; virtue ethics ; MacIntyre
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Aurélien Goutsmedt; Matthieu Renault, Francesco Sergi
    Abstract: The International Seminar on Macroeconomics (ISoM) is an annual conference, which was co-sponsored, during 15 years (1978-1993) by the French EHESS and the NBER. This article uncovers the scientiï¬ c and institutional dynamics unrolling from this cooperation. The ISoM, we argue, constituted a decisive step towards the making of a European network of economists, sharing a distinctive style of economics, insofar that the Seminar gathered macroeconomists who were leading the development of this European network. We illustrate how the ISoM stands at the crossroad of two types of ‘internationalisation’ of economics: on the one hand, the integration of European national communities; on the other hand, the process of ‘Americanisation’ of economics. While existing literature on ‘internationalisation’ focuses on the national level, our contribution investigates its European level. Moreover, we unveil the key role played in this process by macroeconomics—and more speciï¬ cally, large-scale macroeconometric modelling on the one hand, and the disequilibrium theory on the other hand. These two approaches provided a common research agenda and shared scientiï¬ c standards for the emerging network.
    Keywords: History of macroeconomics; International Seminar on Macroeconomics; NBER; EHESS; Disequilibrium theory
    JEL: A11 A14 B22 B30
    Date: 2019–12–13

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