nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2019‒10‒07
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Bye Bye Peer-Reviewed Publishing By Miguel Abambres; Tony Salloom; Nejra Beganovic; Rafał Dojka; Sergio Roncallo-Dow
  2. Nurturing knowledge? The impact of funding and family on scientific performance. By Lawson, Cornelia; Geuna, Aldo; Finardi, Ugo

  1. By: Miguel Abambres (Abambres' Lab); Tony Salloom; Nejra Beganovic; Rafał Dojka; Sergio Roncallo-Dow
    Abstract: This work is the continuation of a ‘revolution' started with "Research Counts, Not the Journal". Own and published opinions from worldwide scientists on critical issues of peer-reviewed publishing are presented. In my opinion, peer-reviewed publishing is a quite flawed process (in many way) that has greatly harmed Science for a long time – it has been imposed by most academic and science funding institutions as the only way to assess scientific performance. Unfortunately, most academics still follow that path, even though I believe most do it for the fear of losing their job or not being promoted. This paper aims to encourage (i) a full disruption of peer-reviewed publishing and (ii) the use of free eprint repositories for a sustainable academic/scientific publishing, i.e. healthier (no stress/distress associated to the peer review stage and the long waiting for publication) and more economic, effective and efficient (research is made immediately available and trackable/citable to anyone). On the other hand, it should be pointed out that nothing exists against scientific publishers/journals – actually it´s perfectly normal that any company wants to implement its own quality criteria. This paper is just the way chosen to promote the quick implementation of suitable policies for research evaluation.
    Keywords: Scientific Evaluation,Academia,Universities,Scientific Institutions,Sustainability,Research Quality,Scientific Assessment,Scientific Performance,Scientific Impact,Editors,Articles,Academic Institutions,Science,Journals,Preprints,Reviewers,Papers,Sustainable Science,Scientific Revolution,Science Funding,Scientific Publishing,Research,PPPR,Post-Publication Peer Review,Pre-Publication Peer Review,Peer Review,Open Science,Eprints,Publishers
    Date: 2019–09–23
  2. By: Lawson, Cornelia; Geuna, Aldo; Finardi, Ugo (University of Turin)
    Abstract: This paper contributes to the literature on the individual and institutional factors explaining academic scientific productivity. On the basis of very detailed information for a sample of 262 academics at the University of Turin over a ten year period, we develop a robust new model to assess the impact of funding on productivity, controlling for gender and family related characteristics less frequently examined in the literature. Using a Two-Stage Least Square (2SLS) model in which we control for endogeneity of career progress and instrument national competitive funding with socio-political capital measure, we find that funding is no longer associated to higher research productivity. In the impact-quality estimation models, we find a “fatherhood bonus” and a “motherhood penalty” for having young children. In robustness checks we provide evidence of a causal effect of the latter, although it is possible that men have children once they are established on a high performance path. As in the previous literature, we find that after controlling for children, female researchers are less productive in terms of publications, but not in terms of research quality/impact.
    Date: 2019–06

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