nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2019‒05‒27
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  2. Evolu?ia cercetarii economice din România în ultimul secol By Chivu, Lumini?a; Ioan-Franc, Valeriu

  1. By: Nataliya Matveeva (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Ivan Sterligov (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Maria Yudkevich (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: We estimate the effect of the Russian University excellence program (Project 5-100) initiated by the Government in 2013 on research performance of top Russian universities which received, on a competitive basis, substantial financial support within this program. To do so we use an econometric analysis of longitudinal data applying a linear growth model with mixed effects, with different characteristics of research output as dependent variables. We demonstrate that there is a significant positive effect of Project 5-100 which appeared from the very first years of its implementation – that is, the universities receiving financial support demonstrate a substantial, steady increase in publications both measured in total numbers and per capita when compared to universities from the control group. An analysis of the structure of publication output allows us to demonstrate that not only quantitative but also qualitative growth has taken place, although the impact of Project 5-100 on quality is heterogeneous across universities and disciplines. Finally, we examine to what extent the change in the structure of research output may be attributed to changes in research collaboration patterns.
    Keywords: research universities, university research performance, scientometrics, research collaboration, Web of Science, university excellence initiatives, Russia
    JEL: I23 I28 C22
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Chivu, Lumini?a (National Institute of Economic Research, Romanian Academy); Ioan-Franc, Valeriu (National Institute of Economic Research, Romanian Academy)
    Abstract: The paper focuses on the economic research organization and development in Romania during the last century, in three distinct periods: 1918-1947, 1948-1989 and 1990-2018. Each period is analyzed taking into account its features, by presenting the economic research interest areas and topics under the circumstances of institutional research network changes, highlighting the contribution of the main promoters and scientists, and the most representative works and publications in economics. As regards the post-communist period, the paper focuses on the academic research developed by the “Costin C. Kiri?escu” National Institute of Economic Research of the Romanian Academy, as well as the institutes and research centres included in its network, presenting their outstanding scientific achievements, including those related to the complex theoretical and practical issues of Romania’s transition to the market economy.
    Keywords: economic research; Romanian Academy; publications; economics scientists; research programmes and projects; institutional research network
    JEL: A1 B15 E02 I23
    Date: 2018–12

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