nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2019‒02‒04
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Variation in Women’s Success Across PhD Programs in Economics By Leah Platt Boustan; Andrew Langan
  2. To What Extent is Inclusion in the Web of Science an Indicator of Journal 'Quality'? By Diego Chavarro; Ismael Ràfols; Puay Tang

  1. By: Leah Platt Boustan; Andrew Langan
    Abstract: We document wide and persistent variation in women’s representation and success across graduate programs in economics. Using new data on early career outcomes for recent graduates, including first job placement, publications and promotion, we compare (anonymized) departments on outcomes for women relative to men graduating from the same program. We then conduct interviews with faculty and former students from five programs higher and lower relative outcomes. We find that departments with higher outcomes for women also hire more women faculty, facilitate advisor-student contact, provide collegial research seminars, and are notable for senior faculty with awareness of gender issues. We offer our qualitative evidence as the first step in learning about “what works” in expanding women’s representation in economics.
    JEL: A11 J16
    Date: 2019–01
  2. By: Diego Chavarro (SPRU (Science Policy Research Unit), University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9SL, UK); Ismael Ràfols (SPRU (Science Policy Research Unit), University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9SL, UK; Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València, València, 46022, Spain); Puay Tang (SPRU (Science Policy Research Unit), University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9SL, UK)
    Abstract: The assessment of research based on the journal in which it is published is a widely adopted practice. Some research assessments use the Web of Science (WoS) to identify “high quality” journals, which are assumed to publish excellent research. The authority of WoS on journal quality stems from its selection of journals based on editorial standards and scientific impact criteria. These can be considered as universalistic criteria, meaning that they can be applied to any journal regardless of its place of publication, language, or discipline. In this article we examine the coverage by WoS of journals produced in Latin America, Spain, and Portugal. We use a logistic regression to examine the probability of a journal to be covered by WoS given universalistic criteria (editorial standards and scientific impact of the journal) and particularistic criteria (country, language, and discipline of the journal). We find that it is not possible to predict the inclusion of journals in WoS only through the univeralistic criteria because particularistic variables such as country of the journal, its discipline and language are also related to inclusion in WoS. We conclude that using WoS as a universalistic tool for research assessment can disadvantage science published in journals with adequate editorial standards and scientific merit. We discuss the implications of these findings within the research evaluation literature, specifically for countries and disciplines not extensively covered by WoS.
    Date: 2019–01

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