nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2018‒08‒20
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Academic sociology: The alarming rise in predatory publishing and its consequences for Islamic economics and finance By Hasan, Zubair
  2. How Do Travel Costs Shape Collaboration? By Christian Catalini; Christian Fons-Rosen; Patrick Gaulé

  1. By: Hasan, Zubair
    Abstract: This study explores the causes and impact of predatory online publishing on Islamic economics and finance and takes a literature scan to identify the origin and expansion of predatory publishing, as references listed in the paper show. The personal experience and observation of the author over the decades of teaching at various universities endorses the evidence. Its originality lays in initiating discussion on an issue of significance so far remaining unattended in the field of Islamic economics and finance. It not only explores the impact of the affliction on the discipline but also suggests ways to curb the malady.
    Keywords: Predatory publishing; Econometric modeling; Islamic finance; Sociology of economics
    JEL: B0 C1 C18 I2
    Date: 2017–01–16
  2. By: Christian Catalini; Christian Fons-Rosen; Patrick Gaulé
    Abstract: We develop a simple theoretical framework for thinking about how geographic frictions, and in particular travel costs, shape scientists' collaboration decisions and the types of projects that are developed locally versus over distance. We then take advantage of a quasi-experiment - the introduction of new routes by a low-cost airline - to test the predictions of the theory. Results show that travel costs constitute an important friction to collaboration: after a low-cost airline enters, the number of collaborations increases by 50%, a result that is robust to multiple falsification tests and causal in nature. The reduction in geographic frictions is particularly beneficial for high quality scientists that are otherwise embedded in worse local environments. Consistent with the theory, lower travel costs also endogenously change the types of projects scientists engage in at different levels of distance. After the shock, we observe an increase in higher quality and novel projects, as well as projects that take advantage of complementary knowledge and skills between sub-fields, and that rely on specialized equipment. We test the generalizability of our findings from chemistry to a broader dataset of scientific publications, and to a different field where specialized equipment is less likely to be relevant, mathematics. Last, we discuss implications for the formation of collaborative R&D teams over distance.
    JEL: L93 O18 O3 O31 O33 R4
    Date: 2018–06

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