nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2016‒11‒13
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. The Ranking of Researchers by Publications and Citations By Hausken, Kjell
  2. Economic Effects of Open Access to Scientific Publications By Marinov, Eduard

  1. By: Hausken, Kjell (UiS)
    Abstract: Researcher-level metrics assess a researcher’s publications and number of citations for each publication. This paper tests empirically 28 two-variable metrics, 26 of which are new in this paper, determined as geometric means from eight one-variable metrics. The 54 highest ranked researchers in RePEc are considered, 13 of whom are Nobel prize winners. One new one- variable metric, the number of citations for the 10 the most cited publication, is introduced. Characteristics of the eight one-variable metrics are considered, illustrating why two-variable metrics are needed. The 54 researchers are ranked for all 36 metrics. The lowest sum of ranks for the 13 Nobel prize winners occurs for metric c 1 , the number of citations for the highest cited publication. The 13 Nobel prize winners have on average 5.3 higher rank on w than on h, suggesting a need for being widely cited, not captured by the h -index. The metric nc, the square root of the product of the number of publications and the citation count, proposed as an interesting metric, correlates best with the RePEc scores. Correlations between the 36 metrics are determined. The 28 two-variable metrics are tentatively ranked according to how they capture characteristics apparently not captured by the one-variable metrics.
    Keywords: Keywords: Scientific impact indices; metrics; indices; research output; ranking; publications; citations; RePEc
    JEL: A12 A14
    Date: 2016–10–30
  2. By: Marinov, Eduard
    Abstract: With the development of digital technology and especially the possibilities for electronic publishing Open access publishing is becoming more and more a global phenomenon. Open access means unrestricted online access to scholarly research and research data. The paper presents the common definitions, the types and vehicles for delivering Open access to scientific publications. Because of its economic efficiency, the potential economic benefits of Open access might have an impact on many other groups besides the users and the authors themselves – publishers, scientific institutions, specific industries, etc. Economic effects of OA are analysed through the concept of its benefits which could generally be divided into two groups – individual and collective. Besides the economic benefits, one must also consider the “price” of OA, as well as its limitations. Together with the effects of Open access that support the development of science, its use could be regarded as a means to increase social welfare as well.
    JEL: K0 O31 O35
    Date: 2016–02

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