nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2016‒05‒28
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. The Impact of Citation Timing: A Framework and Examples By David L. Anderson; John Tressler
  2. The Future of the University? The voice of young Polish scholars By Anna M. Kola; Krzysztof Leja

  1. By: David L. Anderson (Queen's University); John Tressler (University of Waikato)
    Abstract: The literature on research evaluation has noted important differences in citation time patterns between disciplines, high and low ranked journals and types of publications. Delays in the receipt of citations suggest that the diffusion of knowledge following discovery is slower, and may thus be associated with a decrease in the impact of research. This paper provides a framework for the comparison of different citation time patterns. Using principles drawn from the literature on stochastic dominance we show that comparisons of time patterns can be based on the general characteristics of cost of delay functions. When a particular function is used to represent the cost of delay, the magnitude of the impact of differences in citation time patterns can be assessed using simple exponential discounting. We demonstrate the application of this framework in assessing different citation time patterns by applying it to comparisons of 10-year citation records for: leading journals in economics, different business subject areas, journals in economics compared with those in neuroscience and the research output of individual economists.
    Keywords: citations; citation time patterns; discounting citations; research measurement
    JEL: A19 C81 J24
    Date: 2016–04–30
  2. By: Anna M. Kola (Nicolaus Copernicus University, Faculty of Education, Torun, Poland); Krzysztof Leja (Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland)
    Abstract: Changes of universities should not be a result of administrators’ and university managers’ decisions (as a top-down approach), but of initiatives from the academic community. It is a kind of third way, which goes beyond the liberal discourse of the capitalist, who want to turn universities into companies, but it is not only the realization of the vision of the university officials. Taking into account our research and educational experience, we would like to introduce a wider perspective on the role of the contemporary university – regarding the core-periphery position of universities in a global world. In addition, our aim is to show how strategies of resistance can be built, which will result in effective and sustainable conversion of thinking about the university as an institution in shaping and creating an elite, as well as developing mechanisms of pro-quality, taking into account social factors. To reveal this way of thinking and show possibilities of taking action, we describe the main Polish initiatives that can change the university world in every field. An example of such a social movement is Citizens of Academia (Obywatele Nauki). Its members are young (usually post-doctoral), as well as more experienced scholars, who, despite the fact of achieving scientific and academic success, are working for the common good and the good of the university seen as an important social institution. The university ought to be an institution responsible for the process of social and cultural development.We agree that research on the role and activity of the movement is important to understand the direction of changes of the (post)modern university and society. The goal of such ethnographically inspired research is diagnosis of a specific engaged academic community. The article will present conclusions of the pilot study, conducted among the founders and initiators of the ON movement. Additional important objectives of the paper are to provide practical recommendations for policymakers, academic communities, research institutions and university administration, as well as answers to the question about possibilities of using the intellectual potential of young, talented, rebel and open scholars, to became a catalyst for desired change of the university, as well as development of personal careers of Polish academicians
    Keywords: contemporary university, social movements, Citizens of Academia
    JEL: I23
    Date: 2016

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