nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2016‒01‒03
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Axventure AB

  1. Is History of Economics What Historians of Economic Thought Do? A Quantitative Investigation By Maria Cristina Marcuzzo; Giulia Zacchia
  2. Gender, beauty and support networks in academia: evidence from a field experiment By Michał Krawczyk; Magdalena Smyk

  1. By: Maria Cristina Marcuzzo; Giulia Zacchia
    Abstract: This paper presents a quantitative investigation into the history of economic thought. Building on previous work (Marcuzzo 2008, 2012), we propose an empirical study in with the aim of describing the dynamics of changes in HET in recent years, detecting three trends: 1) a sort of ‘stepping down from the shoulders of giants’, namely a move towards studies of ‘minor’ figures and/or economists from a more recent past; 2) the blossoming of archival research into unpublished work and correspondence; 3) less theory-laden investigations, connecting intellectual circles, linking characters and events. Using data from Econlit we show the evolution of HET journals and articles for two sub-periods: 1955-2013 and 1993-2013; for the latter, by devising proxies which are amenable to quantitative assessment, we demonstrate that there is some evidence to support these claims.
    Keywords: History of economic thought; Bibliometrics; Economics journals; History of economics; Quantitative assessment
    JEL: B40 B20 A14
    Date: 2015–12
  2. By: Michał Krawczyk (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw); Magdalena Smyk (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)
    Abstract: Bibliometric studies show that male academics are more productive than their female counterparts and that the gap cannot be explained in terms of difference in abilities. In this project we wish to verify the hypothesis that this tendency is related to the greater support that men receive from their colleagues (“old boys network”). Towards this end we had e-mails sent by a male or female student asking academics for a minor favour. In Study 1 we asked authors of nearly 300 papers in experimental economics to share the raw data used in their study. We observed no difference in response rate or compliance rate between male and female senders. In Study 2 we sent 2775 e-mails to academics affiliated with prestigious schools from ten different fields , asking to either send us a copy of their recent article or meet the sender supposedly interested in pursuing a PhD program. Once again we manipulated gender of the senders but this time we also varied their physical attractiveness. We found a small but significant difference in the Article Treatment: attractive females’ requests were honoured less often. No such tendency was found in the Meeting Treatment and no general gender effect was observed. Overall, we find very little support for the claim that early-stage male researchers enjoy greater support than their female colleagues.
    Keywords: gender, beauty, women in academia, field experiment
    JEL: J16 C93
    Date: 2015

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